Using Web 2.0 technologies to enhance evidence-based medical information
ABSTRACT This article invokes research on information seeking and evaluation to address how providers of evidence-based medical information can use Web 2.0 technologies to increase access to, enliven users' experiences with, and enrich the quality of the information available. In an ideal scenario, evidence-based medical information can take appropriate advantage of community intelligence spawned by Web 2.0 technologies, resulting in the ideal combination of scientifically sound, high-quality information that is imbued with experiential insights from a multitude of individuals. To achieve this goal, the authors argue that people will engage with information that they can access easily, and that they perceive as (a) relevant to their information-seeking goals and (b) credible. The authors suggest the utility of Web 2.0 technologies for engaging stakeholders with evidence-based medical information through these mechanisms, and the degree to which the information provided can and should be trusted. Last, the authors discuss potential problems with Web 2.0 information in relation to decision making in health contexts, and they conclude with specific and practical recommendations for the dissemination of evidence-based health information via Web 2.0 technologies.
- SourceAvailable from: Nikos Korfiatis
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- "Internet and Web 2.0 information technologies provide a rather complex and vast information landscape with an abundance of medical information (Masters, 2008). This abundance of online healthcare information, however, provides an additional obstacle when doctors' are seeking information to satisfy real life clinical related information needs (Metzger & Flanagin, 2011). Furthermore, some authors challenge the effectiveness of various medical information resources because of the fact that most doctors go directly to the sites they know and they trust (Hughes et al., 2010). "
ABSTRACT: Regulation of clinical practice is a characteristic aspect of the medical profession. Regardless of whether this regulation derives from government-sourced guidelines or materials from government-sponsored institutions, it results in a high production of information resources (institutional information resources), which are disseminated to the clinical stuff in order to ensure compliance. In that case, the issue of credibility of these information resources might arise, since medical practice is characterized by a high frequency of change. The latter involves a continuous effort on the part of the clinical staff, which is motivated by work-related factors (e.g., need for compliance) or personal motivation (e.g., need for self-improvement). In this study we consider a simple trust model, according to which we assume that perceived trust is a direct antecedent of perceived credibility. We evaluate whether work-related or personal motivating factors influence the relation between perceived credibility and trust toward institutional information sources and how the effect of each factor affects this relation. Findings suggest that work-related factors have a higher impact on the relation between credibility and trust than personal motivation factors, while they are stressing the important role of hospital libraries as a dissemination point for government-sponsored information resources.International Journal of Information Management 04/2014; 34(2):80–88. DOI:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2013.11.009 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The clinical care of patients with chronic life-limiting conditions and terminal illness has improved. However, intense treatment regimens make patients feel isolated, particularly among young children and adolescents who require psychosocial care. Failure to address this issue can leave patients feeling depressed and isolated. Social networking and digital entertainment have helped to address some of these issues, particularly for house bound and long stay patients in a hospital. It has allowed patients to remain in contact with family and friends, express how they feel and find information about their condition. Nevertheless, these kinds of solutions are too general to support the specific psychosocial needs of patients. This paper builds on these technologies and explores the idea of improving communications between medical practitioners and patients using avatars (digital characters that have controllable expressions, animations and speech) in computer games to guide and encourage patients to comply with treatments, provide support, and elicit information about their well-being. We have successfully developed several prototype systems to evaluate the applicability of our approach.04/2012; 2(1). DOI:10.1007/s12553-011-0013-0
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ABSTRACT: The current "Millennial Generation" of college students majoring in the health professions has unprecedented access to the Internet. Although some research has been initiated among medical professionals to investigate the cognitive basis for health information searches on the Internet, little is known about Internet search practices among health and medical professional students. To systematically identify health professional college student perspectives of personal eHealth search practices. Q methodology was used to examine subjective perspectives regarding personal eHealth search practices among allied health students majoring in a health education degree program. Thirteen (n = 13) undergraduate students were interviewed about their attitudes and experiences conducting eHealth searches. From the interviews, 36 statements were used in a structured ranking task to identify clusters and determine which specific perceptions of eHealth search practices discriminated students into different groups. Scores on an objective measure of eHealth literacy were used to help categorize participant perspectives. Q-technique factor analysis of the rankings identified 3 clusters of respondents with differing views on eHealth searches that generally coincided with participants' objective eHealth literacy scores. The proficient resourceful students (pattern/structure coefficient range 0.56-0.80) described themselves as using multiple resources to obtain eHealth information, as opposed to simply relying on Internet search engines. The intermediate reluctant students (pattern/structure coefficient range 0.75-0.90) reported engaging only Internet search engines to locate eHealth information, citing undeveloped evaluation skills when considering sources of information located on the Internet. Both groups of advanced students reported not knowing how to use Boolean operators to conduct Internet health searches. The basic hubristic students (pattern/structure coefficient range 0.54-0.76) described themselves as independent procrastinators when searching for eHealth information. Interestingly, basic hubristic students represented the only cluster of participants to describe themselves as (1) having received instruction on using the Internet to conduct eHealth searches, and (2) possessing relative confidence when completing a search task. Subjective perspectives of eHealth search practices differed among students possessing different levels of eHealth literacy. These multiple perspectives present both challenges and opportunities for empowering college students in the health professions to use the Internet to obtain and appraise evidence-based health information using the Internet.Journal of Medical Internet Research 04/2012; 14(2):e60. DOI:10.2196/jmir.1969 · 4.67 Impact Factor