Larvicidal activity of micronized aqueous suspension of calcium hydroxide against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae).
ABSTRACT In the search of alternatives for the control of mosquitoes of medical importance, we evaluated the larvicidal activity of micronized suspensions of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)₂] against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. Tests conducted under laboratory conditions determined a LC50 = 0.027% (LC90 = 0.096%) for A. aegypti and a LC50 = 0.092% (LC90 = 0.2%) for C. quinquefasciatus, at 24 h post-treatment. Considering that the LC50 for the less susceptible species killed 100% of larvae for both species at 48 h post-treatment, we decided to use the diagnostic concentration of 0.1% which eliminated 100% of larvae at 48 h under a simulated field trial. There was a residual effect for up to 84 and 70 days for A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus, respectively. Evaluation of Ca(OH)₂ on breeding sites showed a larvicidal activity of 100% for up to 56 days. When the micronized Ca(OH)₂ was incorporated at concentrations from 0.02% (w/v), a superficial film was formed which killed 100% of the larvae of both species after 24 h of contact, and the activity remains until the film broke apart due to stirring. The fact that Ca(OH)₂ is cheap and the people in rural areas of Mexico and other countries know the handling procedures for this compound led us to consider that 0.1% suspensions of Ca(OH)₂ could be used for mosquito control in deposits of water placed in human premises both in urban and rural areas.
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ABSTRACT: A study of the effect of educating four- to six-year-old children in mosquito control was recently conducted in a city in the state of Jalisco, western Mexico. Four neighborhood districts were selected. Children attending one kindergarten in each of two experimental districts were taught mosquito control with a video from the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA), joined to the use of the AMCA Touch Table Technique. The entomological indices monitored in the study decreased significantly (P<0.05) in houses in the experimental districts, apparently because parents acted on the comments and suggestions of the children and eliminated or monitored containers used as oviposition sites by mosquitoes. Based on these results, combining both techniques for teaching children mosquito control is a potentially useful tool for control efforts in Mexico and other places in Latin America.Journal of Vector Ecology 06/2012; 37(1):241-4. · 1.23 Impact Factor