Solid-State NMR of a Large Membrane Protein by Paramagnetic Relaxation Enhancement

Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 USA.
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Impact Factor: 7.46). 07/2011; 2(14):1836-1841. DOI: 10.1021/jz200768r
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Membrane proteins play an important role in many biological functions. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy is uniquely suited for studying structure and dynamics of membrane proteins in a membranous environment. The major challenge to obtain high quality solid-state NMR spectra of membrane proteins is sensitivity, due to limited quantities of labeled high-molecular-weight proteins. Here we demonstrate the incorporation of paramagnetic metal (Cu(2+)) ions, through either EDTA or a chelator lipid, into membrane protein samples for rapid data collection under fast magic-angle spinning (MAS) and low power (1)H decoupling. Spectral sensitivity of DsbB (20 kDa), an integral membrane protein, more than doubles in the same experimental time due to (1)H T(1) relaxation enhancement by Cu(2+) ions, with DsbB native fold and active site intact. This technique can be implemented to acquire multidimensional solid-state NMR spectra for chemical shift assignments and structure elucidation of large membrane proteins with small sample quantities.

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