Article

Primary mediastinal cysts: clinical evaluation and surgical results of 32 cases.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Konya Training & Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital (Impact Factor: 0.67). 01/2011; 38(4):371-4.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze our experience with mediastinal cysts, emphasizing the clinical presentations and results of surgery.Thirty-two patients with mediastinal cysts underwent surgery from January 2000 through June 2005. The records of these patients were reviewed for age at presentation, sex, signs and symptoms at presentation, results of the imaging techniques, types of mediastinal cysts, location and size of cysts, types of surgical procedure, length of hospital stay, early postoperative complications, death, and other follow-up information.The 32 mediastinal cysts comprised 12 bronchogenic, 9 pericardial, 7 thymic, and 2 enteric cysts, together with 2 cystic teratomas. Overall, 14 of the 32 patients with mediastinal cysts were asymptomatic. The surgical approach was thoracotomy in 30 patients and median sternotomy in 2 patients. The mean length of hospital stay was 7.7 ± 2.6 days. All patients were free from recurrence during the mean follow-up period of 4.4 ± 3.3 years.Surgery for mediastinal cysts is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates and a very low recurrence rate. It offers a definitive diagnosis and cure, avoiding the higher morbidity and mortality risks associated with conservative observation.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
72 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thymic cysts are usually diagnosed accidentally during radiological evaluation of the chest for unrelated conditions. Symptoms appear late when the mass compresses on adjoining tissues. We report an unusual case of asymptomatic mediastinal thymic cyst which was seen in the neck whenever the patient was asked to perform Valsalva maneuver. This case is being reported for the unusual clinical presentation of a rare disease. The role of imaging in the diagnosis and common differential diagnoses are also discussed.
    Journal of clinical imaging science. 01/2012; 2:11.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Congenital pericardial diverticula and cysts are extremely uncommon lesions within the anterior mediastinum. Both lesions derive from the pericardial celom and represent different stages of a common embryogenesis. Initial reports date from the 19th century. Surgical pioneers were Otto Pickhardt, who removed a pericardial cyst at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York in 1931, and Richard Sweet, who accomplished the first resection of a pericardial diverticulum at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston in 1943. These lesions were also called spring water cysts because they usually contain watery, crystal-clear fluid. This history outlines the milestones of evolving surgical management, from the first report in 1837 up to the present time.
    Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital 01/2012; 39(3):330-4. · 0.67 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bronchogenic cyst (BC) is a benign congenital mediastinal tumor whose natural course remains unclear. In adults, most BCs are removed by thoracotomy after complications. Currently, prenatal diagnosis is generally feasible and allows an early thoracoscopic intervention. The purpose of this retrospective study was to ascertain the best time for the operation. Reviewed were 36 patients (11 children, 25 adults) with a BC managed from 2000 to 2011. Clinical history, cyst size, duration of hospitalization, preoperative and postoperative complications, and detection of inflammatory elements were compared (Student t tests) between pediatric and adult patients. In the pediatric group, diagnosis was made prenatally in 7 patients, during the neonatal period in 2, and later in 2. Nine were asymptomatic. In the adult group, 20 patients were treated for complications. Thoracotomy was performed in 2 children and thoracoscopy in 9 (no conversion). A thoracoscopic operation was performed in 9 adults (2 conversions), and 17 adults required additional procedures (4 pericardial and 9 lung resections, 3 bronchial, and 1 esophageal sutures). The average length of hospitalization was 4.45 days for children (3.33 days in the thoracoscopic subgroup) and 8 days for adults. Mean maximal cyst diameter was 2.2 cm in children and 6.5 cm in adults (p < 0.10). Pathologic study revealed inflammatory reaction in 2 children (18%) vs 21 adults (84%; p < 0.001). Early surgical resection of BCs provides better conservation of pulmonary parenchyma, a lower incidence of inflammatory lesions, and a reduced rate of complications, and should be proposed after prenatal diagnosis, between the 6th and 12th month of life.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2012; 94(5):1695-9. · 3.45 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from