Respiratory Failure of Williams-Campbell Syndrome is Effectively Treated by Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation

Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.
Internal Medicine (Impact Factor: 0.97). 01/2011; 50(16):1729-32. DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.50.4971
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Williams-Campbell syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by a congenital deficiency of cartilage in the fourth to sixth order bronchi, leading to chronic respiratory failure with recurrent pulmonary infections. An effective and practical treatment has not yet been established. A 31-year-old man who was diagnosed as Williams-Campbell syndrome by inspiratory and expiratory computed tomography findings developed recurrent pulmonary infections and showed progressive deterioration of dyspnea. Domiciliary NPPV was administered, followed by a dramatic improvement of respiratory failure and a decrease in the episodes of pulmonary infections. NPPV may have an advantage in adults with Williams-Campbell syndrome who have severe respiratory failure and recurrent pulmonary infections.