Predictive blood coagulation markers for early diagnosis of venous thromboembolism after total knee joint replacement
ABSTRACT Pulmonary embolism development may be prevented if asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be predicted and treated preoperatively or soon after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether asymptomatic VTE can be predicted by blood coagulation markers preoperatively or early after TKA. This prospective single-centre study enrolled 68 patients (6 men, 62 women; mean age: 71 years) who underwent TKA between September 2004 and August 2009. Sixteen-row multidetector computed tomography was performed 4 days before and after surgery for diagnosis of asymptomatic VTE. Blood samples were taken to measure the plasma levels of soluble fibrin monomer complex (SFMC), D-dimer and cross-linked fibrin degradation products by leukocyte elastase (e-XDP) at 4 days preoperatively, and at 1 hour, 1 day and 4 days postoperatively. The preoperative SFMC, D-dimer and e-XDP levels did not differ significantly between the thrombus (n=36) and no-thrombus (n=32) groups. D-dimer and e-XDP levels showed the most significant increases at days 4 and 1, respectively, after surgery in the thrombus group. With cut-off points of 7.5 μg/ml for D-dimer and 8.2 U/ml for e-XDP, the sensitivities were 75% and 75%, and the specificities were 63% and 59%, respectively. By multiple logistic regression analysis, D-dimer at day 4 and e-XDP at day 1 postoperatively were independent markers for early diagnosis of VTE (odds ratio=1.61 and 1.19, P=0.01 and 0.04, respectively). The postoperative occurrence of new asymptomatic VTE may be predicted by D-dimer at day 4 and e-XDP at day 1 after TKA.
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ABSTRACT: Total hip and knee arthroplasties are commonly performed orthopedic procedures that involve a complex interaction between the prosthetic device and its surrounding biological environment. Recent developments in the field of proteomics have enabled a better understanding of these interactions in patients with a total joint arthroplasty and have the potential to lead to development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic modalities that may improve the care of these patients, particularly those who have developed complications of wear, osteolysis, loosening and periprosthetic joint infection. This article reviews several of the areas of active research that are occurring at the intersection of the fields of proteomics and total joint arthroplasty.Expert Review of Proteomics 12/2013; DOI:10.1586/14789450.2014.865522 · 3.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated changes in blood coagulation-fibrinolysis markers during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Preoperative 16-row multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) revealed no asymptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the 42 patients recruited. Using MDCT postoperatively, patients were divided into thrombus (asymptomatic VTE, 19 patients) and no-thrombus (23 patients) groups. Blood taken at intervals before and after pneumatic tourniquet release revealed increased plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) at 30s for both groups and at 90s (both P=0.01) in the thrombus group. d-dimer levels were highest at 30 and 90s for both groups (P=0.01). PAI-1 and d-dimer levels were strongly correlated at both time points in the thrombus group. Inactivating fibrinolysis due to PAI-1 may lead to asymptomatic VTE after TKA.The Journal of arthroplasty 11/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2013.08.011 · 2.37 Impact Factor