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Expression and localization of the 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) enzyme in the reproductive tissues of the cynomolgus monkey Macaca fascicularis.

Animal Biotechnology, Graduate School of Bio and Information Technology, Institute of Genetic Engineering, Hankyong National University, Ansung 456-749, Republic of Korea.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology (Impact Factor: 2.66). 07/2011; 127(3-5):337-44. DOI:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2011.07.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to characterize and functionally analyze the monkey 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) in the ovary, placenta, and oviduct. We focused on 20α-HSD mRNA expression and protein localization in monkey reproductive tissues and the molecular characterization of the promoter region. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) monkey 20α-HSD mRNA was more strongly detected in the ovary at pre-ovulation than in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. The mRNA was approximately 1.2kb in size and the expression was high in the ovary, which was the same as the RT-PCR result. We also produced His tagged 20α-HSD proteins by using an Escherichia coli expression system. In a western blot for the 20α-HSD protein, only 1 band of approximately 37-kDa was detected in the ovary, oviduct tissue, and recombinant protein produced in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. However, in the placenta, additional 2 bands (35 and 39 kDa) were detected. Immunohistochemical analyses suggested that the monkey 20α-HSD protein was localized mainly in the syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta and the isthmus cells of the oviduct. According to promoter analyses with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene, the monkey 20α-HSD promoter was efficiently expressed in the CHO-K1 cell line; however, the promoter was not expressed in bovine fetal fibroblast (bFF) cell. Taken together, our study showed that the 20α-HSD mRNA and protein are coordinately expressed in the ovary at pre-ovulation and in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. Therefore, monkey 20α-HSD in the placenta, ovary and oviduct plays an important role in the estrous cycle, pregnancy, and parturition.

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    ABSTRACT: A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying parturition would provide an important step toward improving therapies for the prevention of preterm labor. Aldo-keto reductases (AKR) from the 1D, 1C, and 1B subfamilies likely contribute to determining the timing of parturition through metabolism of progesterone and prostaglandins. Placental AKR1D1 (human 5β reductase) likely contributes to the maintenance of pregnancy through the formation of 5β-dihydroprogesterone (DHP). AKR1C1, AKR1C2, and AKR1C3 catalyze the 20-ketosteroid and 3-ketosteroid reduction of progestins. They could therefore eliminate tocolytic progestins at term. Activation of the F prostanoid receptor by its ligands also plays a critical role in initiation of labor. AKR1C3 and AKR1B1 have prostaglandin (PG) F synthase activities that likely contribute to the initiation of labor. AKR1C3 converts PGH(2) to PGF(2α) and PGD(2) to 9α,11β-PGF(2). AKR1B1 also reduces PGH(2) to PGF(2α), but does not form 9α,11β-PGF(2). Consistent with the potential role for AKR1C3 in the initiation of parturition, indomethacin, which is a potent and isoform selective inhibitor of AKR1C3, has long been used for tocolysis.
    Frontiers in Pharmacology 01/2011; 2:92.

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