Expression and localization of the 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) enzyme in the reproductive tissues of the cynomolgus monkey Macaca fascicularis

Animal Biotechnology, Graduate School of Bio and Information Technology, Institute of Genetic Engineering, Hankyong National University, Ansung 456-749, Republic of Korea.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology (Impact Factor: 4.05). 07/2011; 127(3-5):337-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2011.07.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to characterize and functionally analyze the monkey 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) in the ovary, placenta, and oviduct. We focused on 20α-HSD mRNA expression and protein localization in monkey reproductive tissues and the molecular characterization of the promoter region. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) monkey 20α-HSD mRNA was more strongly detected in the ovary at pre-ovulation than in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. The mRNA was approximately 1.2kb in size and the expression was high in the ovary, which was the same as the RT-PCR result. We also produced His tagged 20α-HSD proteins by using an Escherichia coli expression system. In a western blot for the 20α-HSD protein, only 1 band of approximately 37-kDa was detected in the ovary, oviduct tissue, and recombinant protein produced in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. However, in the placenta, additional 2 bands (35 and 39 kDa) were detected. Immunohistochemical analyses suggested that the monkey 20α-HSD protein was localized mainly in the syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta and the isthmus cells of the oviduct. According to promoter analyses with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene, the monkey 20α-HSD promoter was efficiently expressed in the CHO-K1 cell line; however, the promoter was not expressed in bovine fetal fibroblast (bFF) cell. Taken together, our study showed that the 20α-HSD mRNA and protein are coordinately expressed in the ovary at pre-ovulation and in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. Therefore, monkey 20α-HSD in the placenta, ovary and oviduct plays an important role in the estrous cycle, pregnancy, and parturition.

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Available from: Tseeleema Nanjidsuren, Dec 26, 2013
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    • "). Our results are consistent with a series of studies on mammals that have documented the presence of AKR1C1 enzyme in the placenta tissue during late pregnancy and pre-parturient period (Shiota et al. 1993; Jayasekara et al. 2005; Nanjidsuren et al. 2011). In several species, the increased AKR1C1 level has been found as the placenta comes to term, suggesting that this enzyme is involved in "
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    ABSTRACT: Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1 (AKR1C1) catalyses the conversion of progesterone into inactive 20α-dihydroxyprogesterone. It is suggested that AKR1C1 expression in the placenta prevents from the cytotoxic effect of progesterone on foetuses during late pregnancy. The aim of the study was to determine whether the anti-androgen flutamide administered during late pregnancy (83-89 days of gestation) or before parturition (101-107 days of gestation) influences AKR1C1 expression in the porcine placenta. AKR1C1 mRNA and protein levels were measured using real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. Immunolocalization of AKR1C1 within placentas was also performed. Flutamide significantly increased AKR1C1 mRNA (p = 0.008) and protein (p = 0.019) expression only during the pre-parturient period in pigs. AKR1C1 protein was immunolocalized in the epithelial and stromal cells of foetal and maternal part of placenta at both stages of gestation. Following flutamide treatment, the intensity of staining was higher (p = 0.045) on day 108 of gestation. In conclusion, porcine placental AKR1C1 expression seems to be regulated by an androgen signalling pathway and may be involved in foetal survival by preventing the detrimental effect of progesterone.
    Reproduction in Domestic Animals 12/2013; DOI:10.1111/rda.12263 · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    • "The relationship between maternal and fetal tissues at their points of contact in the ruminant placenta is important for proper fetal nutrition. In recently, we have reported on the molecular characterization of bovine, porcine and monkey 20␣-HSD gene (Naidansuren et al., 2011; Seo et al., 2011; Nanjidsuren et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) catalyzes the conversion of progesterone to its inactive form, 20α-hydroxyprogesterone. This enzyme has been shown to play a critical role in the regulation of luteal function in experimental animals. In this study, we cloned and expressed the gene encoding elk deer 20α-HSD from reproductive placental and ovarian tissues. PCR, 3'- and 5'-RACE, and northern blot analysis were performed for the cloning and characterization of deer 20α-HSD gene. We expressed recombinant deer 20α-HSD protein and used western blot analysis to determine protein expression levels in the placenta and ovary during pregnancy. The full cDNA sequence of 20α-HSD was used to clone an open reading frame encoding 323 amino acids and consisting of 1142 bp. The nucleotide sequence of deer 20α-HSD showed high homology with the sequences of the bovine (96%), goat (96%), and human (83%) 20α-HSD genes. 20α-HSD mRNA was strongly expressed in the placenta on days 30, 60, and 70 of pregnancy. A high level of the protein was also detected in the placenta but not in fetal skin tissue. The recombinant 20α-HSD protein produced in mammalian cells and bacterial systems had a molecular weight of approximately 37-kDa. The deer 20α-HSD protein signal was specifically localized in the basal part of the primary chorionic villi and chorionic stem villus of the placenta during early pregnancy. The 20α-HSD protein was also intensively localized in the larger luteal cells of the corpus luteum during pregnancy.
    Animal reproduction science 01/2012; 130(1-2):63-73. DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.12.016 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    • "The mechanisms underlying the initiation of labor are poorly understood, which has limited progress on therapies to maintain pregnancy or stop preterm labor. The lack of a suitable animal model has limited progress toward understanding human parturition (Smith, 2007; Veliça et al., 2009; Hill et al., 2010; Nanjidsuren et al., 2011). The roles of the placenta and other reproductive tissues in parturition, as well as specific steroid and prostaglandin metabolites, differ considerably between mammalian species. "
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    ABSTRACT: A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying parturition would provide an important step toward improving therapies for the prevention of preterm labor. Aldo-keto reductases (AKR) from the 1D, 1C, and 1B subfamilies likely contribute to determining the timing of parturition through metabolism of progesterone and prostaglandins. Placental AKR1D1 (human 5β reductase) likely contributes to the maintenance of pregnancy through the formation of 5β-dihydroprogesterone (DHP). AKR1C1, AKR1C2, and AKR1C3 catalyze the 20-ketosteroid and 3-ketosteroid reduction of progestins. They could therefore eliminate tocolytic progestins at term. Activation of the F prostanoid receptor by its ligands also plays a critical role in initiation of labor. AKR1C3 and AKR1B1 have prostaglandin (PG) F synthase activities that likely contribute to the initiation of labor. AKR1C3 converts PGH(2) to PGF(2α) and PGD(2) to 9α,11β-PGF(2). AKR1B1 also reduces PGH(2) to PGF(2α), but does not form 9α,11β-PGF(2). Consistent with the potential role for AKR1C3 in the initiation of parturition, indomethacin, which is a potent and isoform selective inhibitor of AKR1C3, has long been used for tocolysis.
    Frontiers in Pharmacology 01/2011; 2:92. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2011.00092 · 3.80 Impact Factor
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