Article

Prognostic significance of endoscopic remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis treated with oral and topical mesalazine: a prospective, multicenter study.

Divisione di Gastroenterologia, Ospedale Valduce, Como, Italy.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (Impact Factor: 5.12). 08/2011; 18(6):1006-10. DOI: 10.1002/ibd.21838
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It has been recommended that the treatment of active ulcerative colitis (UC) should be continued until complete healing of endoscopic lesions. However, the evidence supporting this recommendation is scanty. Aims of the present study were to assess the rate of patients with active UC who achieve clinical but not endoscopic remission after treatment with oral plus topical mesalazine and to compare the rate of relapse in patients with clinical/endoscopic remission and those with only clinical remission.
Patients with active mild or moderate UC were eligible. All patients received mesalazine, 4 g/day orally and 2 g/day per rectum for 6 weeks. Those achieving clinical remission underwent colonoscopy: afterwards, all received maintenance treatment with oral mesalazine, 2 g/day orally for 1 year. Clinical remission was defined as normal frequency of bowel movements with formed stools, no abdominal pain, and no blood in the stools. Endoscopic remission was defined as normal-appearing mucosa or only mild redness and/or friability, without either ulcers or erosions.
In all, 81 patients were enrolled. Sixty-one (75%) achieved clinical remission. Endoscopic activity was still present in five (8%). The cumulative rate of relapse at 1 year was 23% in patients with clinical and endoscopic remission and 80% in patients with only clinical remission (P < 0.0001).
Persistence of endoscopic activity is quite infrequent in patients with active UC achieving clinical remission after a 6-week treatment with oral plus topical mesalazine, but is a very strong predictor of early relapse.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
74 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last years mucosal healing has emerged as an important therapeutic goal for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Growing evidence suggests that mucosal healing can improve patient outcomes and, potentially, can alter the natural course of the disease by inducing sustained clinical remission and reducing hospitalizations and surgery. However several questions remain to be answered. A validated definition of mucosal healing is still lacking and the effect size of different drugs is difficult to assess because of different definitions, different study design, and different timing of endoscopic evaluation. The evidence that mucosal healing has a high positive predictive value for long-term good clinical outcome is still limited and, therefore, mucosal healing remains a weak surrogate end point of disease course. Future studies are needed to develop a standardized definition of mucosal healing and to prospectively assess the impact of mucosal healing on long-term clinical outcomes.
    Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In recent decades, the prominent role of endoscopy in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC) has been translated into the concept of mucosal healing (MH) as a fundamental therapeutic end-point. This is partially the consequence of growing evidence of a positive prognostic role of MH on the disease course and partially due to market cues indicating a higher rate of MH in patients treated by novel potent biologic agents. The aim of the present review is to clarify the current knowledge of MH in UC, analyzing the definition, the putative prognostic role and the association of MH with the current drugs used to treat UC patients. Because solid data about the management of UC patients based solely on the healing of the mucosa are not yet available, a tailored approach for individual patients thatconsiders the natural history of UC and the presence of prognostic indicators of aggressive disease is desirable. Consequently, unnecessary examinations and treatment would be avoided and restricted to UC patients who require the maximum amount of effort to affect the disease course in the short and long term.
    World journal of gastrointestinal pathophysiology. 05/2014; 5(2):54-62.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Colonoscopic evaluation is an important tool in the evaluation of ulcerative colitis (UC). UC is divided by disease extent into proctitis, proctosigmoiditis, left-sided colitis, and pan-colitis. In addition, a cecal or peri-appendiceal patch and backwash ileitis are associated with UC. The extent and behavior of UC has been characterized further using various indices and scoring systems; among these systems is the Mayo Score, which is widely used in current clinical trials for new medications. As these medical therapies for UC have developed, achieving mucosal healing with medications has become an important therapeutic objective.
    Gastroenterology report. 05/2014;

Full-text

View
23 Downloads
Available from
May 19, 2014