Curcumin-like diarylpentanoid analogues as melanogenesis inhibitors.
ABSTRACT Anti-melanogenesis screening of 47 synthesized curcumin-like diarylpentanoid analogues was performed to show that some had a potent inhibitory effect on the melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells. Their actions were considered to be mostly due to tyrosinase inhibition, tyrosinase expression inhibition, and melanin pigment degradation. The structure-activity relationships of those curcumin-like diarylpentanoid analogues which inhibited the melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity were also discussed. Of those compounds assayed, (2E,6E)-2,6-bis(2,5-dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone showed the most potent anti-melanogenesis effect, the mechanism of which is considered to be the degradation of the melanin pigment in B16 melanoma cells, affecting neither the tyrosinase activity nor tyrosinase expression.