Adenylyl cyclase/cAMP-PKA-mediated phosphorylation of basal L-type Ca(2+) channels in mouse embryonic ventricular myocytes.
ABSTRACT In fetal mammalian heart, constitutive adenylyl cyclase/cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA)-mediated phosphorylation, independent of β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, could under such circumstances play an important role in sustaining the L-type calcium channel current (I(Ca,L)) and regulating other PKA dependent phosphorylation targets. In this study, we investigated the regulation of L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) in murine embryonic ventricles. The data indicated a higher phosphorylation state of LTCC at early developmental stage (EDS, E9.5-E11.5) than late developmental stage (LDS, E16.5-E18.5). An intrinsic adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, PKA activity and basal cAMP concentration were obviously higher at EDS than LDS. The cAMP increase in the presence of isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX, nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor) was further augmented at LDS but not at EDS by chelation of intracellular Ca(2+) with 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA)-acetoxymethyl ester (BAPTA-AM). Furthermore, I(Ca,L) increased with time after patch rupture in LDS cardiomyocytes dialyzed with pipette solution containing BAPTA whereas not at EDS. Thus we conclude that the high basal level of LTCC phosphorylation is due to the high intrinsic PKA activity and the high intrinsic AC activity at EDS. The latter is possibly owing to the little or no effect of Ca(2+) influx via LTCCs on AC activity, leading to the inability to inhibit AC.
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ABSTRACT: Although Cav1.2 Ca(2+) channels are modulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on the Ca(2+) channel using a patch-clamp technique in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. Externally applied H2O2 (1 mM) increased Ca(2+) channel activity in the cell-attached mode. A specific inhibitor of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) KN-93 (10 μM) partially attenuated the H2O2-mediated facilitation of the channel, suggesting both CaMKII-dependent and -independent pathways. However, in the inside-out mode, 1 mM H2O2 increased channel activity in a KN-93-resistant manner. Since H2O2-pretreated calmodulin did not reproduce the H2O2 effect, the target of H2O2 was presumably assigned to the Ca(2+) channel itself. A thiol-specific oxidizing agent mimicked and occluded the H2O2 effect. These results suggest that H2O2 facilitates the Ca(2+) channel through oxidation of cysteine residue(s) in the channel as well as the CaMKII-dependent pathway.The Journal of Physiological Sciences 07/2013; · 1.09 Impact Factor