Manifestation of Long QT syndrome with normal QTc interval under anesthesia: a case report

Department of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Pediatric Anesthesia (Impact Factor: 1.85). 08/2011; 21(12):1265-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2011.03679.x
Source: PubMed


Patients with congenital Long QT are known to have normal QT interval in symptom-free period and in the early years of life. Precipitating factors like surgical stress, interactions with anesthetic agents prolonging QT interval, and electrolyte imbalances can manifest with life threatening arrhythmias in congenital or acquired Long QT syndrome. We report a case of concealed LQTS manifesting under anesthesia and its subsequent perioperative course.

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    ABSTRACT: Long QT syndrome incidence is increasing in general population. A careful pre-, peri- and post-operative management is needed for patients with this syndrome because of the risk of Torsades de Pointes and malignant arrhythmias. The available data regarding prevention of lethal Torsades de Pointes during anesthesia in patients with long QT syndrome is scant and conflicting: only case reports and small case series with different outcomes have been published. Actually, there are no definitive guidelines on pre-, peri- and post-operative anesthetic management of congenital long QT syndrome. Our review focuses on anesthetic recommendations for patients diagnosed with congenital long QT syndrome furnishing some key points for preoperative optimization, intraoperative anesthetic agents and postoperative care plan, which could be the best for patients with c-long QT syndrome who undergo surgery.
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