Modulation of vasoactivity and platelet aggregation by selective 5-HT receptor antagonism in humans.
ABSTRACT Distinct serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] receptors are involved in platelet aggregation and vasoconstriction. Compounds that simultaneously and selectively inhibit the pertaining 5-HT receptors may therefore represent a therapeutic strategy for arterial thrombosis, observed frequently after atherosclerotic plaque rupture. The vasoactive and antiplatelet effects of the combined 5-HT1B and 5-HT2A receptor blocker SL65.0472-00 were investigated in humans to elucidate the functional involvement of these receptors.
Twenty-four volunteers, divided into 2 groups of 12, received an oral dose of 20 mg of SL65.0472-00 or placebo in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Pre dose and at 2, 4, and 6 hours after dosing, intra-arterial infusions of 5-HT1B agonist sumatriptan (n = 12) or 5-HT (n = 12) were administered. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured using plethysmography, and platelet aggregation was measured using whole blood aggregometry induced by a combination of a threshold collagen concentration and an excess of 5-HT. Treatments were compared using analysis of variance.
After placebo treatment, infusion of 1 ng·kg·min 5-HT induced vasodilatation (FBF +80% change from baseline), whereas infusion of 30 and 80 ng·kg·min 5-HT resulted in vasoconstriction (FBF -25% and -50%). After SL65.0472-00 treatment, all 5-HT doses induced vasodilatation (FBF +25%-60%). Sumatriptan dose dependently decreased FBF (maximally -35%), but this effect was not altered by SL65.0472-00 treatment. 5-HT-induced platelet aggregation was effectively inhibited by 90% after SL65.0472-00 treatment for at least 6 hours.
SL65.0472-00 has potent antagonistic effect on 5-HT-induced vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation but not on sumatriptan-induced vasoconstriction. This suggests that in humans, SL65.0472-00 is a 5-HT2A blocker without clear 5-HT1B antagonistic activity.