Fritillaria ussuriensis Extract Inhibits the Production of Inflammatory Cytokine and MAPKs in Mast Cells
Department of Anatomy, College of Oriental Medicine, Institute of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 1.06). 08/2011; 75(8):1440-5. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.110076
Fritillaria ussuriensis (FU, derived from the bulbs of various species of the genus Fritillaria, including Fritillaria thunbergii Miq.) is used in herbal medicine to treat conditions such as eczema, skin burns, and frostbite. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of the anti-allergy effect of FU. FU extract (80 mg/kg), orally administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, significantly inhibited the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction. It inhibited the compound 48/80-induced release of histamine from rat peritoneal mast cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Significant inhibitory effects of the FU extract on IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α (1, 10, and 100 µg/mL) were observed in HMC-1 cells. Treatment with FU attenuated PMA plus A23187-induced phosphorylation of all three MAPKs, especially at concentrations of 10 and 100 µg/mL. Further, it (80 mg/kg) led to significant inhibition of mast-cell accumulation in ear tissue at the chronic phase. These results indicate that it inhibits allergic reactions.
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ABSTRACT: Angelicae Gigantis (AG) Radix, commonly used medicinal food, has been reported as a promising candidate for inflammatory diseases. However, the anti-allergic effects of AG and its molecular mechanisms have yet to be clarified. The present study investigated the anti-allergy effects of ethanol extracts of AG on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation in vivo and in vitro. The finding of this study demonstrated that AG reduced anti-dinitrophenyl IgE antibody-induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, compound 48/80-induced histamine release, 2,4-dinitrofluoro benzene-induced contact hypersensitivity. In addition, AG inhibited the production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and TNF-α, as well as the activation of Jun N-terminal kinase and nuclear factor-κB in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore A23187-stimulated human mast cells. In conclusion, our results provide a novel insight into the pharmacological actions of AG as a potential candidate for use in allergic inflammatory diseases.Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 06/2012; 50(9):2987-95. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2012.06.001 · 2.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A pharmaceutical composition composed of several traditional Chinese medicines is claimed to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This represents a novel and alternative therapeutic solution for wet AMD, with the potential advantage of treating both the symptoms and the underlying causes of this devastating degenerative retinal disease.Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents 12/2012; 23(2). DOI:10.1517/13543776.2013.751972 · 4.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: The object of this study was to observe the protective effect of Gamijipaesan aqueous extracts(GJS), which has been traditionally used in Korean medicine in obstetrics & gynecological fields as anti-infectious and anti-inflammatory agents, against mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus infection in a rat model through antibacterial, antiinflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anti-oxidant effects. Methods: Antibacterial activities of GJS against S. aureus were detected using standard agar microdilution methods, with the effects on the bacterial invasion and intracellular killing of individual test materials in human mammary gland carcinoma cell(MCF-7) and murine macrophages(Raw 264.7) at MIC1/2, MIC and MIC2 concentration levels. In addition, the effects on the cell viability, nitric oxide(NO), tumor necrosis factor(TNF)- and interleukin (IL)-6 productions of LPS activated Raw 264.7 cells. The changes on the mammary tissue viable bacterial numbers, myeloperoxidae(MPO), inducible nitric oxide synthetase(iNOS), TNF- and IL-6 contents were observed in the S. aureus in vivo intramammary infectious rat model. The anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effects were compared with ciprofloxacin and piroxicam, respectively in the present study. Results: MIC of GJS and ciprofloxacin against S. aureus were detected as (0.391-1.563) mg/ml and (0.098-0.782) , respectively. In addition, GJS and ciprofloxacin were also showed marked dosage-dependent inhibition of the both bacterial invasion and intracellular killing assays using MCF-7 and Raw 264.7 cells at MIC1/2, MIC and concentrations, respectively. against LPS-induced cell viabilities and NO, TNF- and IL-6 releases of GJS were detected as 0.72, 0.04, 0.08 and 0.11 mg/ml, and as 19.04, 4.18, 5.37 and 4.27 in piroxicam, respectively. 250 and 500 mg/kg of GJS also inhibit the intramammary bacterial growth, MPO, iNOS, TNF- and IL-6 contents in S. aureus in vivo intramammary infected rats, respectively. GJS 500 mg/kg showed quite similar antibacterial and anti-infectious effects as compared with ciprofloxacin 40 mg/kg and also showed similar anti-inflammatory effects as piroxicam 10 mg/kg, in S. aureus in vivo intramammary infectious models. Conclusions: The results obtained in this study suggest that over 250 mg/kg of GJS showed favorable anti-infectious effects against S. aureus infection in a rat model through their antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti-oxidant effects and therefore expected that GJS can be used as alternative therapies, having both anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious activities. However, more detail mechanism studies should be conducted in future with the efficacy tests of individual herbal composition of GJS and the screening of the biological active compounds in individual herbs. In the present study, GJS 500 mg/kg showed quite similar anti-infectious effects were detected as compared with ciprofloxacin 40 mg/kg treated rats, and also GJS shows quite similar anti-inflammatory effects as compared with piroxicam 10 mg/kg in S. aureus in vivo intramammary infectious rats, but ciprofloxacin did not showed any anti-inflammatory effects, and piroxicam did not showed anti-infectious effects in this study.01/2013; 26(1).
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