Mandibular mucormycosis in immunocompromised patients: report of 2 cases and review of the literature.
ABSTRACT Mucormycosis, also known as zygomycosis, is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by a series of fungi in the Mucorales family in people with immune disorders. It is harmless to a healthy person, but when it has invaded the internal organs, it is frequently fatal in immunocompromised patients. It is known for having a very poor prognosis; however, with aggressive medical and surgical management, survival rates are currently thought to exceed 80%. It has 7 predominant clinical forms: rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, gastrointestinal, central nervous system, disseminated, and, rarely, miscellaneous (ie, bone, kidney, cardiac, mediastinum, oral). Although oral involvement of this condition has been reported relatively frequently in the literature, mandibular involvement is a rarer condition than oral involvement. The purpose of this article is to report the treatment of isolated cases of mandibular mucormycosis and a review of the literature.
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ABSTRACT: Scorpion venom is a rich source of many proteins and peptides. A method for collection of venom from scorpions using a restraining device is being described. The details and measurement of the restraining device as well as that of the current used are described.Laboratory Animals 11/1995; 29(4):456-8. · 1.26 Impact Factor
Chapter: The Art of Electronics01/1985; Cambridge University Press. · 6.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Scorpion venom has many components, but is mainly made up of water, salts, small molecules, peptides, and proteins. One can reasonably assume that the production and storage of this complex secretion is an expensive metabolic investment. However, to date, no study has addressed the costs associated with the regeneration of venom by scorpions. Using a closed-system respirometer, we examined the difference in oxygen consumption between milked and unmilked scorpions to determine the metabolic costs associated with the first 72 h of subsequent venom synthesis. During this time period, milked scorpions had a significantly higher (39%) metabolic rate than unmilked scorpions. The regenerated venom from a second milking had significantly lower (74%) protein concentration, suggesting that venom regeneration was incomplete after 72 h. The protein content in the regenerated venom was not correlated with oxygen consumption. The significant increase in oxygen consumption after milking supports existing hypotheses about the metabolic cost associated with venom regeneration and provides further insight on why scorpions appear to be judicious in their stinger use.Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology 07/2007; 147(2):509-13. · 2.17 Impact Factor