Cost-effectiveness and socio-economic aspects of childhood influenza vaccination

Minneapolis VA Medical Center, MN 55417, USA.
Vaccine (Impact Factor: 3.62). 08/2011; 29(43):7554-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.08.015
Source: PubMed


Children have high rates of healthcare utilization due to influenza. In addition, children also transmit influenza to others in their households and the community. The costs of influenza in children include the direct medical care costs from increased outpatient visits and hospitalizations, and also indirect costs due to productivity losses especially for their parents and due to transmission of the virus to others. A variety of studies using different methods and assumptions have assessed the cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination of children, and many find that vaccination is either cost saving or cost effective.

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    • "Various simulation studies have assessed the clinical and economic implications of childhood vaccination against seasonal influenza in different settings. These evaluations have shown that influenza vaccination of children is cost-effective and may even be cost-saving [38,39]. However, most of the previous simulation studies have lacked consideration of herd immunity effects. "
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