Value of diffusion-weighted imaging in grading tumours localized in the fourth ventricle region by visual and quantitative assessments.

Department of Radiology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
The Journal of international medical research (Impact Factor: 0.96). 01/2011; 39(3):912-9. DOI: 10.1177/147323001103900325
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study investigated visual and quantitative assessment of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for grading tumours localized in the fourth ventricle region. Patients were diagnosed histopathologically and classified into two groups: those with high-grade (World Health Organization [WHO] grades III and IV) and those with low-grade tumours (benign, WHO grades I and II). DWI signal intensity was described using a five-point scale. Minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were obtained from areas with the lowest signal. The mean signal intensity was significantly higher in high-grade than in low-grade tumours. The mean minimum ADC value was significantly lower in high-grade than low-grade tumours. Marked hyperintensity had sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 89.7%, 100%, 100% and 94.2%, respectively, when used as a diagnostic tool for high-grade tumours compared with 96.6%, 97.9%, 96.6% and 97.9%, respectively, when using a minimum ADC of 0.9 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s as a diagnostic marker. It was concluded that DWI is helpful in predicting the grades of tumours in the fourth ventricle region.

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    ABSTRACT: To measure the sensitivity of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and determine the most appropriate b value for DWI; to explore the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and the degree of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma differentiation. Preoperative diffusion-weighted imaging and magnetic resonance examinations were performed for 31 patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Tumor ADC values were measured, and the signal-to-noise ratio, contrast-to-noise ratio, and signal-intensity ratio between the diffusion-weighted images with various b values as well as the T2-weighted images were calculated. Pathologically confirmed patients were pathologically graded to compare the ADC value with different b values of tumor at different degrees of differentiation, and the results were statistically analyzed by using the Friedman test. A total of 29 cases of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were detected by DWI. As the b value increased, tumor signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio between the tumor and normal liver gradually decreased, but the tumor signal-intensity ratio gradually increased. When b=800s/mm(2), contrast-to-noise ratio between tumor and normal liver, tumor signal-intensity ratio, and tumor signal-to-noise ratio of diffusion-weighted images were all higher than those of T2-weighted images; the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). As the b value increased, the tumor ADC value gradually declined. As the degree of differentiation decreased, the tumor ADC value declined. The b value of 800s/mm(2) was the best in DWI of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma; the lesion ADC value declined as the degree of cancerous tissue differentiation decreased.
    European journal of radiology 01/2012; 81(11):2961-5. · 2.65 Impact Factor

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