Article

Case-control study for colorectal cancer genetic susceptibility in EPICOLON: previously identified variants and mucins.

Department of Gastroenterology, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clínic, CIBERehd, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
BMC Cancer (Impact Factor: 3.33). 08/2011; 11:339. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-11-339
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. Familial aggregation in CRC is also important outside syndromic forms and, in this case, a polygenic model with several common low-penetrance alleles contributing to CRC genetic predisposition could be hypothesized. Mucins and GALNTs (N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase) are interesting candidates for CRC genetic susceptibility and have not been previously evaluated. We present results for ten genetic variants linked to CRC risk in previous studies (previously identified category) and 18 selected variants from the mucin gene family in a case-control association study from the Spanish EPICOLON consortium.
CRC cases and matched controls were from EPICOLON, a prospective, multicenter, nationwide Spanish initiative, comprised of two independent stages. Stage 1 corresponded to 515 CRC cases and 515 controls, whereas stage 2 consisted of 901 CRC cases and 909 controls. Also, an independent cohort of 549 CRC cases and 599 controls outside EPICOLON was available for additional replication. Genotyping was performed for ten previously identified SNPs in ADH1C, APC, CCDN1, IL6, IL8, IRS1, MTHFR, PPARG, VDR and ARL11, and 18 selected variants in the mucin gene family.
None of the 28 SNPs analyzed in our study was found to be associated with CRC risk. Although four SNPs were significant with a P-value < 0.05 in EPICOLON stage 1 [rs698 in ADH1C (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.06-2.50, P-value = 0.02, recessive), rs1800795 in IL6 (OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.10-2.37, P-value = 0.01, recessive), rs3803185 in ARL11 (OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.17-2.15, P-value = 0.007, codominant), and rs2102302 in GALNTL2 (OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.00-1.44, P-value = 0.04, log-additive 0, 1, 2 alleles], only rs3803185 achieved statistical significance in EPICOLON stage 2 (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.06-1.69, P-value = 0.01, recessive). In the joint analysis for both stages, results were only significant for rs3803185 (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.00-1.25, P-value = 0.04, log-additive 0, 1, 2 alleles) and borderline significant for rs698 and rs2102302. The rs3803185 variant was not significantly associated with CRC risk in an external cohort (MCC-Spain), but it still showed some borderline significance in the pooled analysis of both cohorts (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.98-1.18, P-value = 0.09, log-additive 0, 1, 2 alleles).
ARL11, ADH1C, GALNTL2 and IL6 genetic variants may have an effect on CRC risk. Further validation and meta-analyses should be undertaken in larger CRC studies.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
126 Views
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. The objective was to determine whether relationships exist between the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and examine whether the risk is modified by level of folate intake. Methods. MEDLINE, Embase, and SCOPUS were searched to May 2012 using the terms "folic acid," "folate," "colorectal cancer," "methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase," "MTHFR." Observational studies were included which (1) assessed the risk of CRC for each polymorphism and/or (2) had defined levels of folate intake for each polymorphism and assessed the risk of CRC. Results. From 910 references, 67 studies met our criteria; hand searching yielded 10 studies. The summary risk estimate comparing the 677CT versus CC genotype was 1.02 (95% CI 0.95-1.10) and for 677TT versus CC was 0.88 (95% CI 0.80-0.96) both with heterogeneity. The summary risk estimates for A1298C polymorphisms suggested no reduced risk. The summary risk estimate for high versus low total folate for the 677CC genotype was 0.70 (95% CI 0.56-0.89) and the 677TT genotype 0.63 (95% CI 0.41-0.97). Conclusion. These results suggest that the 677TT genotype is associated with a reduced risk of developing CRC, under conditions of high total folate intake, and this associated risk remains reduced for both MTHFR 677 CC and TT genotypes.
    Journal of Cancer Epidemiology 01/2012; 2012:952508.
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The incidence of unilateral retinoblastoma varies globally, suggesting possible environmental contributors to disease incidence. Maternal intake of naturally occurring folate from vegetables during pregnancy is associated inversely with the risk of retinoblastoma in offspring. METHODS: The authors used a case-control study design to examine the association between retinoblastoma risk and maternal variations in the folate-metabolizing genes methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) (a cytosine-to-thymine substitution at nucleotide 677 [MTHFR677C→T]; reference single nucleotide polymorphism rs1801133) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) (a 19-base-pair deletion of intron 1a [DHFR19bpdel]; rs70991108). In central Mexico, 103 mothers of children with newly diagnosed unilateral retinoblastoma were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved study along with a control group of 97 mothers who had healthy children. Mothers were interviewed regarding perinatal characteristics, including use of prenatal vitamin supplements, and gave peripheral blood samples, which were used for polymerase chain reaction-based genotyping of rs1801133 and rs70991108. RESULTS: The risk of having a child with unilateral retinoblastoma was associated with maternal homozygosity for DHFR19bpdel (odds ratio, 3.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.89-7.55; P = .0002), even after controlling for the child's DHFR19bpdel genotype (odds ratio, 2.81; 95% confidence interval, 1.32-5.99; P = .0073). In a subgroup of 167 mothers with data on prenatal intake of supplements containing folic acid (a synthetic form of folate), DHFR19bpdel-associated risk was elevated significantly only among those who reported taking folic acid supplements. Maternal MTHFR genotype was unrelated to the risk of having a child with retinoblastoma. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal homozygosity for a polymorphism in the DHFR gene necessary for converting synthetic folic acid into biologic folate was associated with an increased risk for retinoblastoma. Prenatal ingestion of synthetic folic acid supplements may be associated with increased risk for early childhood carcinogenesis in a genetically susceptible subset of the population. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 05/2012; · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies investigating the association between the insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) gene Gly972Arg (rs1801278) polymorphism and various carcinomas risk reported conflicting results. Thus, a systemic review and meta-analysis of published studies were performed to assess the possible association. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify all eligible studies of IRS1 Gly972Arg polymorphism and cancer risk. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the associations. A total of 16 independent studies, including 11,776 cases and 11,654 controls, were identified. When all studies were pooled, we found a significant association between IRS1 Gly972Arg polymorphism and increased cancer risk under dominant model (OR = 1.16, 95 %CI = 1.04-1.30, P = 0.007) and allelic model (OR = 1.16, 95 %CI = 1.02-1.30, P = 0.02). In subgroup analysis based on cancer type, increased cancer risk was found in ovarian cancer (dominant: OR = 1.55, 95 %CI = 1.17-2.05, P = 0.002; allelic: OR = 1.55, 95 %CI = 1.19-2.01, P = 0.001), breast cancer (allelic: OR = 1.12, 95 %CI = 1.00-1.26, P = 0.05), and other cancers (allelic: OR = 1.31, 95 %CI = 1.00-1.71, P = 0.05). When stratified by study types, significant associations were observed in both cohort studies (dominant: OR = 1.25, 95 %CI = 1.06-1.47, P = 0.007; allelic: OR = 1.25, 95 %CI = 1.07-1.46, P = 0.005) and case-control studies (dominant: OR = 1.15, 95 %CI = 1.01-1.31, P = 0.04). In the subgroup analyses by ethnicity, significantly increased cancer risk was suggested among both Caucasians (dominant: OR = 1.13, 95 %CI = 1.02-1.26, P = 0.02; allelic: OR = 1.13, 95 %CI = 1.03-1.25, P = 0.01) and mixed population (dominant: OR = 1.22, 95 %CI = 1.01-1.46, P = 0.04). Our investigations demonstrate that IRS1 Gly972Arg polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of cancer, and additional well-designed studies are warranted to validate these findings.
    Tumor Biology 05/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor

Full-text (6 Sources)

View
10 Downloads
Available from
Jan 7, 2013