Transcriptional up-regulation of cell surface Na V1.7 sodium channels by insulin-like growth factor-1 via inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β in adrenal chromaffin cells: Enhancement of 22Na + influx, 45Ca 2+ influx and catecholamine secretion

Department of Pharmacology, Miyazaki Medical College, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan.
Neuropharmacology (Impact Factor: 5.11). 07/2011; 61(8):1265-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.07.029
Source: PubMed


Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays important roles in the regulation of neuronal development. The electrical activity of Na(+) channels is crucial for the regulation of synaptic formation and maintenance/repair of neuronal circuits. Here, we examined the effects of chronic IGF-1 treatment on cell surface expression and function of Na(+) channels. In cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells expressing Na(V)1.7 isoform of voltage-dependent Na(+) channels, chronic IGF-1 treatment increased cell surface [(3)H]saxitoxin binding by 31%, without altering the Kd value. In cells treated with IGF-1, veratridine-induced (22)Na(+) influx, and subsequent (45)Ca(2+) influx and catecholamine secretion were augmented by 35%, 33%, 31%, respectively. Pharmacological properties of Na(+) channels characterized by neurotoxins were similar between nontreated and IGF-1-treated cells. IGF-1-induced up-regulation of [(3)H]saxitoxin binding was prevented by phosphatydil inositol-3 kinase inhibitors (LY204002 or wortmannin), or Akt inhibitor (Akt inhibitor IV). Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibitors (LiCl, valproic acid, SB216763 or SB415286) also increased cell surface [(3)H]saxitoxin binding by ∼ 33%, whereas simultaneous treatment of IGF-1 with GSK-3 inhibitors did not produce additive increasing effect on [(3)H]saxitoxin binding. IGF-1 (100 nM) increased Ser(437)-phosphorylated Akt and Ser(9)-phosphorylated GSK-3β, and inhibited GSK-3β activity. Treatment with IGF-1, LiCl or SB216763 increased protein level of Na(+) channel α-subunit; it was prevented by cycloheximide. Either treatment increased α-subunit mRNA level by ∼ 48% and accelerated α-subunit gene transcription by ∼ 30% without altering α-subunit mRNA stability. Thus, inhibition of GSK-3β caused by IGF-1 up-regulates cell surface expression of functional Na(+) channels via acceleration of α-subunit gene transcription.

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    • "In addition, in cultured rat hippocampal neurons, IGF-1 had no effect on the amplitude of the VGSC currents [91]. However, in cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, chronic application of IGF-1 upregulated plasma membrane expression of Nav1.7; this was a transcriptional effect involving the PI3K-Akt pathway and GSK-3β inhibition [92]. Taken together, these findings suggested a positive feedback loop between Nav1.7 expression and GSK-3β inhibition. "
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