Pancreatic cancer survival in central and northern Denmark from 1998 through 2009: a population-based cohort study.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.
Clinical Epidemiology 01/2011; 3 Suppl 1:19-25. DOI: 10.2147/CLEP.S20611
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pancreatic cancer has a relatively low incidence but ranks fourth among cancer- related deaths in western countries. In Denmark, cancer survival generally is lower than in other countries with comparable health care systems. As a result, in 2000, a national strategy to improve cancer survival was introduced. Here we examine time trends in survival and relative mortality among pancreatic cancer patients, using Danish population and medical databases.
Using the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR), we identified all incident pancreatic cancer patients (n = 2968) diagnosed between 1998 and 2009 in the Central and North Denmark Regions. We computed the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival and relative mortality (MRR) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusting for age and gender. Among surgical patients, we also computed 30-day mortality and 30-day MRR.
Median age at diagnosis was approximately 71 years. The annual number of patients increased from 189 in 1998-2000 to 302 in 2007-2009. There was a slight improvement in 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival over time from 14.8% to 17.7%; 3.5% to a predicted 5.6%; and from 2.0% to a predicted 3.8%, from 1998-2000 to 2007-2009, respectively. Correspondingly, the adjusted relative mortality decreased from 1998-2000 to 2007-2009. Thirty-day post-operative mortality decreased from 12.2% in 1998-2000 to 5.8% in 2007-2009, corresponding to a 30-day MRR of 0.38, 95% CI = 0.09, 1.6 in 2007-2009.
There was a slight, albeit modest, improvement in survival and relative mortality in pancreatic cancer patients between 1998 and 2009. As we lacked staging information, it is not clear if this improvement is attributable to earlier stage at diagnosis. However, these improvements likely reflect the national cancer strategy which aimed to centralize cancer services and involved the introduction of palliative and adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer in Denmark. The dismal prognosis of pancreatic cancer means that efforts to improve survival need to be intensified.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of diagnostic delay and clinical presentation (regarding pain, jaundice, and weight loss) in pancreatic carcinoma. Methods: One hundred and seventy patients with pancreatic cancer were diagnosed and treated in the decade 2001-2010 (100 males and 70 females, with a mean age of 65.8 years [range, 36-91]). Patients were staged with spiral computed tomography and 75% were found to have advanced disease (28 stage III, 99 stage IV disease). Ductal adenocarcinoma was diagnosed in 147 cases, other subtypes of carcinoma in the remaining 23. Fifty patients were operated with radical intent, 19 had palliative surgery, 101 were considered inoperable because of advanced disease or heavy anesthesiologic risk; 31 of these inoperable patients underwent biliary decompression by insertion of an endoluminal or percutaneous stent. Gemcitabine-containing regimens were administered to 143 patients and radiotherapy was combined in 19. Overall and relative survival were the parameters studied. Multivariate analysis was performed by multiple regressions applied to proportional-hazards model. Results: From all the clinical, pathological and therapeutical factors evaluated the statistically significant ones were time to diagnosis and surgery. Among symptoms pain was related to the shortest mean time to diagnosis, weight loss to the longest, with corresponding differences in survival. These differences of observed survival were substantially confirmed in terms of relative survival. Conclusions: The poor prognosis of pancreatic carcinoma seems to depend, in part, on diagnostic delay and this, in turn, is influenced by the type of presenting symptoms.
    Cancer epidemiology. 01/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Mortality in pancreatic cancer has remained unchanged over the last 20-30 years. The aim of the present study was to analyse survival trends in a selected population of patients submitted to resection for pancreatic cancer at a single institution. METHODS: Included were 544 patients who underwent pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer between 1990 and 2009. Patients were categorized into two subgroups according to the decade in which resection was performed (1990-1999 and 2000-2009). Predictors of survival were analysed using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Totals of 114 (21%) and 430 (79%) resections were carried out during the periods 1990-1999 and 2000-2009, respectively (P < 0.0001). Hospital length of stay (16 days versus 10 days; P < 0.001) and postoperative mortality (3% versus 1%; P = 0.160) decreased over time. Median disease-specific survival significantly increased from 16 months in the first period to 29 months in the second period (P < 0.001). Following multivariate analysis, poorly differentiated tumour [hazard ratio (HR) 3.1, P < 0.001], lymph node metastases (HR = 1.9, P < 0.001), macroscopically positive margin (R2) resection (HR = 3.2, P < 0.0001), no adjuvant therapy (HR = 1.6, P < 0.001) and resection performed in the period 1990-1999 (HR = 2.18, P < 0.001) were significant independent predictors of a poor outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Longterm survival after surgery for pancreatic cancer significantly improved over the period under study. Better patient selection and the routine use of adjuvant therapy may account for this improvement.
    HPB 03/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background:Patients with pancreatic cancer have a poor prognosis apart from the few suitable for surgery. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) produces localised tissue necrosis but previous studies using the photosensitiser meso-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin (mTHPC) caused prolonged skin photosensitivity. This study assessed a shorter acting photosensitiser, verteporfin.Methods:Fifteen inoperable patients with locally advanced cancers were sensitised with 0.4 mg kg(-1) verteporfin. After 60-90 min, laser light (690 nm) was delivered via single (13 patients) or multiple (2 patients) fibres positioned percutaneously under computed tomography (CT) guidance, the light dose escalating (initially 5 J, doubling after each three patients) until 12 mm of necrosis was achieved consistently.Results:In all, 12 mm lesions were seen consistently at 40 J, but with considerable variation in necrosis volume (mean volume 3.5 cm(3) at 40 J). Minor, self-limiting extrapancreatic effects were seen in multifibre patients. No adverse interactions were seen in patients given chemotherapy or radiotherapy before or after PDT. After PDT, one patient underwent an R0 Whipple's pancreaticoduodenectomy.Conclusions:Verteporfin PDT-induced tumour necrosis in locally advanced pancreatic cancer is feasible and safe. It can be delivered with a much shorter drug light interval and with less photosensitivity than with older compounds.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 25 February 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.95
    British Journal of Cancer 02/2014; · 5.08 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014