Possible involvement of prolonging spinal µ-opioid receptor desensitization in the development of antihyperalgesic tolerance to µ-opioids under a neuropathic pain-like state.
ABSTRACT In the present study, we investigated the possible development of tolerance to the antihyperalgesic effect of µ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists under a neuropathic pain-like state. Repeated treatment with fentanyl, but not morphine or oxycodone, produced a rapid development of tolerance to its antihyperalgesic effect in mice with sciatic nerve ligation. Like the behavioral study, G-protein activation induced by fentanyl was significantly reduced in membranes obtained from the spinal cord of nerve-ligated mice with in vivo repeated injection of fentanyl. In β-endorphin-knockout mice with nerve ligation, developed tolerance to the antihyperalgesic effect of fentanyl was abolished, and reduced G-protein activation by fentanyl after nerve ligation with fentanyl was reversed to the normal level. The present findings indicate that released β-endorphin within the spinal cord may be implicated in the rapid development of tolerance to fentanyl under a neuropathic pain-like state.
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ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to investigate pharmacological actions induced by morphine and oxycodone under a neuropathic pain-like state. In the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) binding study and G-protein activation, we confirmed that both morphine and oxycodone showed MOR agonistic activities. Mice with sciatic nerve ligation exhibited the marked neuropathic pain-like behavior. Under these conditions, antinociception induced by subcutaneously (s.c.) injected morphine was significantly decreased by sciatic nerve ligation, whereas s.c. injection of oxycodone produced a profound antinociception in sciatic nerve-ligated mice. There were no significant differences in spinal or supraspinal antinociception of morphine and oxycodone between sham operation and nerve ligation. Moreover, either morphine- or oxycodone-induced increase in guanosine-5'-o-(3-thio) triphosphate ([(35)S]GTPgammaS) binding in the spinal cord, periaqueductal gray matter and thalamus in sciatic nerve-ligated mice was similar to that in sham-operated mice. Antinociception induced by s.c., intrathecal, or intracerebroventricular injection of the morphine metabolite morphine-6-glucuronide (M-6-G) was significantly decreased by sciatic nerve ligation. Furthermore, the increase in the G-protein activation induced by M-6-G was eliminated in sciatic nerve ligation. In addition, either morphine- or oxycodone-induced rewarding effect was dramatically suppressed under a neuropathic pain-like state. The increased [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding by morphine or oxycodone was significantly lower in the lower midbrain of mice with sciatic nerve ligation compared with that in control mice. These findings provide further evidence that oxycodone shows a profound antinociceptive effect under a neuropathic pain-like state with less of a rewarding effect. Furthermore, the reduction in G-protein activation induced by M-6-G may, at least in part, contribute to the suppression of the antinociceptive effect produced by morphine under a neuropathic pain-like state.Neuropsychopharmacology 05/2008; 33(5):1097-112. DOI:10.1038/sj.npp.1301471 · 7.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tolerance to the local antiallodynic effects of morphine, DPDPE ([D-Pen(2),D-Pen(5)]-Enkephalin) or JWH-015 ((2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenylmethanone) after their repeated administration during neuropathic pain was evaluated. The role of the nitric oxide-cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG)-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway on the peripheral morphine-induced tolerance after the chronic constriction of sciatic nerve in mice was also assessed. The mechanical and thermal antiallodynic effects produced by a high dose of morphine, DPDPE or JWH-015 subplantarly administered daily from days 10 to 20 after nerve injury were estimated with the von Frey filaments and cold plate tests. The antiallodynic effects of the repeated administration of morphine combined with a sub-analgesic dose of a selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) (L-N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)-lysine; L-NIL), L-guanylate cyclase (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one; ODQ), PKG ((Rp)-8-(para-chlorophenylthio)guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate; Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs) or JNK (anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one; SP600125) inhibitor from days 10 to 20 after injury were also evaluated. The repeated administration of morphine, but not DPDPE or JWH-015, produced a rapid development of tolerance to its mechanical and thermal antiallodynic effects in sciatic nerve-injured mice. The co-administration of morphine with L-NIL, ODQ, Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs or SP600125 avoided the development of morphine antiallodynic tolerance after nerve injury. These findings reveal that the repeated local administration of DPDPE or JWH-015 did not induce antinociceptive tolerance after sciatic nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Our data also indicate that the peripheral nitric oxide-cGMP-PKG-JNK signaling pathway participates in the development of morphine tolerance after nerve injury and propose the inactivation of this pathway as a promising strategy to avoid morphine tolerance during neuropathic pain.European journal of pharmacology 04/2012; 685(1-3):42-51. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.04.009 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The mu opioid receptor (MOR) is critical in mediating morphine analgesia. However, prolonged exposure to morphine induces adaptive changes in this receptor leading to the development of tolerance and addiction. In the present work we have studied whether the continuous administration of morphine induces changes in MOR protein levels, its pharmacological profile, and MOR-mediated G-protein activation in the striosomal compartment of the rat CPu, by using immunohistochemistry and receptor and DAMGO-stimulated [35S]GTPγS autoradiography. MOR immunoreactivity, agonist binding density and its coupling to G proteins are up-regulated in the striosomes by continuous morphine treatment in the absence of changes in enkephalin and dynorphin mRNA levels. In addition, co-treatment of morphine with the dopamine D4 receptor (D4R) agonist PD168,077 fully counteracts these adaptive changes in MOR, in spite of the fact that continuous PD168,077 treatment increases the [3H]DAMGO Bmax values to the same degree as seen after continuous morphine treatment. Thus, in spite of the fact that both receptors can be coupled to Gi/0 protein, the present results give support for the existence of antagonistic functional D4R-MOR receptor-receptor interactions in the adaptive changes occurring in MOR of striosomes on continuous administration of morphine.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2013; 15(1):1481-98. DOI:10.3390/ijms15011481 · 2.34 Impact Factor