Department of Toxicology, Hoshi University School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan Department of Anesthesiology, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan Cancer Pathophysiology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Japan Department of Pharmacology and Systems Therapeutics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
In the present study, we investigated the possible development of tolerance to the antihyperalgesic effect of µ-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists under a neuropathic pain-like state. Repeated treatment with fentanyl, but not morphine or oxycodone, produced a rapid development of tolerance to its antihyperalgesic effect in mice with sciatic nerve ligation. Like the behavioral study, G-protein activation induced by fentanyl was significantly reduced in membranes obtained from the spinal cord of nerve-ligated mice with in vivo repeated injection of fentanyl. In β-endorphin-knockout mice with nerve ligation, developed tolerance to the antihyperalgesic effect of fentanyl was abolished, and reduced G-protein activation by fentanyl after nerve ligation with fentanyl was reversed to the normal level. The present findings indicate that released β-endorphin within the spinal cord may be implicated in the rapid development of tolerance to fentanyl under a neuropathic pain-like state.
"Previous studies have demonstrated that both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are involved in the establishment and maintenance of morphine tolerance and neuropathic pain (Johnston et al. 2004; Schafers and Sommer 2007; Uceyler and Sommer 2008; Shen et al. 2011). Opioids-induced hyperalgesia is observed in tolerance; it is similar to the symptoms observed in neuropathic pain, where opioids also have a limited analgesic effect (Mika et al. 2004; Narita et al. 2013). Numerous studies have indicated that neuropathic pain results in reduced morphine efficacy and a more rapid development of morphine tolerance (Ossipov et al. 1995; Mayer et al. 1999; Mika et al. 2004; Przewlocki and Przewlocka 2005). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanisms by which gabapentin enhances morphine anti-nociceptive effect in neuropathic pain in rats and the interaction between the anti-nociceptive effects of gabapentin on morphine and the interleukin (IL)-10-heme-oxygenase (HO)-1 signal pathway in a rat model of neuropathic pain. The neuropathic pain model was induced via a left L5/6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. The anti-nociceptive effect of gabapentin and IL-10 on morphine was examined over a 7-day period, and the effects of the anti-IL-10 and HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP) on gabapentin/morphine co-injection were assessed. Drug administration was given over 7 days, and on day 8, both anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, a stress-induced protein HO-1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were measured. Gabapentin attenuated morphine tolerance over 7 days of co-administration, and reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines but increased IL-10 and HO-1 expression. The effect of gabapentin on morphine was partially blocked using the anti-IL-10 antibody or the HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin. Our findings indicated that the anti-nociceptive effects of gabapentin on morphine might be caused by activation of the IL-10-HO-1 signalling pathway, which resulted in the inhibition of the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in neuropathic pain in the rat spinal cord.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to investigate pharmacological actions induced by morphine and oxycodone under a neuropathic pain-like state. In the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) binding study and G-protein activation, we confirmed that both morphine and oxycodone showed MOR agonistic activities. Mice with sciatic nerve ligation exhibited the marked neuropathic pain-like behavior. Under these conditions, antinociception induced by subcutaneously (s.c.) injected morphine was significantly decreased by sciatic nerve ligation, whereas s.c. injection of oxycodone produced a profound antinociception in sciatic nerve-ligated mice. There were no significant differences in spinal or supraspinal antinociception of morphine and oxycodone between sham operation and nerve ligation. Moreover, either morphine- or oxycodone-induced increase in guanosine-5'-o-(3-thio) triphosphate ([(35)S]GTPgammaS) binding in the spinal cord, periaqueductal gray matter and thalamus in sciatic nerve-ligated mice was similar to that in sham-operated mice. Antinociception induced by s.c., intrathecal, or intracerebroventricular injection of the morphine metabolite morphine-6-glucuronide (M-6-G) was significantly decreased by sciatic nerve ligation. Furthermore, the increase in the G-protein activation induced by M-6-G was eliminated in sciatic nerve ligation. In addition, either morphine- or oxycodone-induced rewarding effect was dramatically suppressed under a neuropathic pain-like state. The increased [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding by morphine or oxycodone was significantly lower in the lower midbrain of mice with sciatic nerve ligation compared with that in control mice. These findings provide further evidence that oxycodone shows a profound antinociceptive effect under a neuropathic pain-like state with less of a rewarding effect. Furthermore, the reduction in G-protein activation induced by M-6-G may, at least in part, contribute to the suppression of the antinociceptive effect produced by morphine under a neuropathic pain-like state.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tolerance to the local antiallodynic effects of morphine, DPDPE ([D-Pen(2),D-Pen(5)]-Enkephalin) or JWH-015 ((2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenylmethanone) after their repeated administration during neuropathic pain was evaluated. The role of the nitric oxide-cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG)-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway on the peripheral morphine-induced tolerance after the chronic constriction of sciatic nerve in mice was also assessed. The mechanical and thermal antiallodynic effects produced by a high dose of morphine, DPDPE or JWH-015 subplantarly administered daily from days 10 to 20 after nerve injury were estimated with the von Frey filaments and cold plate tests. The antiallodynic effects of the repeated administration of morphine combined with a sub-analgesic dose of a selective inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) (L-N(6)-(1-iminoethyl)-lysine; L-NIL), L-guanylate cyclase (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one; ODQ), PKG ((Rp)-8-(para-chlorophenylthio)guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate; Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs) or JNK (anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one; SP600125) inhibitor from days 10 to 20 after injury were also evaluated. The repeated administration of morphine, but not DPDPE or JWH-015, produced a rapid development of tolerance to its mechanical and thermal antiallodynic effects in sciatic nerve-injured mice. The co-administration of morphine with L-NIL, ODQ, Rp-8-pCPT-cGMPs or SP600125 avoided the development of morphine antiallodynic tolerance after nerve injury. These findings reveal that the repeated local administration of DPDPE or JWH-015 did not induce antinociceptive tolerance after sciatic nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Our data also indicate that the peripheral nitric oxide-cGMP-PKG-JNK signaling pathway participates in the development of morphine tolerance after nerve injury and propose the inactivation of this pathway as a promising strategy to avoid morphine tolerance during neuropathic pain.
European journal of pharmacology 04/2012; 685(1-3):42-51. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.04.009 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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