Article

Recombinant antigen production for assays of intradermoreaction for diagnosis and surveillance of tuberculosis.

Laboratory of Forensic Molecular Genetics, Institute of Criminology, 80010-100 Curitiba, Brazil.
Journal of Biotechnology (Impact Factor: 3.18). 07/2011; 156(1):56-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.07.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of the present work was to develop reagents with potential for tuberculosis diagnosis. Genetic sequences of Mycobacterium tuberculosis secretion antigens were amplified by PCR, cloned into the Gateway(®) system, and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant M. tuberculosis proteins were purified by metal affinity chromatography and preparative gel SDS-PAGE electrophoresis followed by electroelution and removal of endotoxins using Triton X-114. In total, seven recombinant proteins were obtained (ESAT-6, CFP10, TB10.3, TB10.4, MTSP11, MPT70, and MPT83). Delayed hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) was evaluated in Cavia porcellus and compared to the response using a standard purified protein derivative (PPD). All seven recombinant proteins produced a positive induration reaction in an intradermal test in guinea pigs previously sensitized with M. tuberculosis. When applied together, at a concentration of each recombinant protein 0.04 mg/mL, the intradermoreaction in C. porcellus was significantly higher than that obtained by standard PPD (p-value=0.00386).

0 Bookmarks
 · 
172 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To develop an effective method to remove endotoxin from large scale E. coli recombinant protein purifications. Triton X-114 phase separation, affinity chromatography utilizing immobilized polymyxin B or immobilized histidine, were used to remove endotoxin from purified preparations of recombinant CK-BB, CK-MB, CK-MM, myoglobin, and cardiac troponin I. Endotoxin levels were measured by a Limulus Amebocyte Lysate gel-clot assay. The immunoactivity of these protein preparations was determined by BIAcore analysis using a panel of in-house generated monoclonal antibodies and by a Stratus Fluorometric Analyzer. In the case of troponin I, the BIAcore was also utilized to measure troponin C interactions. Phase separation with Triton X-114 was the most effective method in reducing the amount of endotoxin present in the protein preparations compared to either polymyxin B or histidine affinity chromatography. With Triton X-114, the reduction in endotoxin levels was greater than 99% and recovery of the proteins after endotoxin removal was greater than 90%. All three procedures for removing endotoxin had no deleterious effects on the immunoactivity of majority proteins when tested with a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Troponin I also retained its ability to bind to troponin C in the presence of Ca2+. Recombinant CK-BB and CK-MM which were expressed in the soluble fraction of E. coli cell lysates, contained significantly higher endotoxin levels than recombinant CK-MB, myoglobin and cardiac troponin I which were expressed in the form of inclusion bodies. Of the three methods tested, Triton X-114 phase separation was the most effective way of removing endotoxin from recombinant proteins.
    Clinical Biochemistry 09/1997; 30(6):455-63. · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis is poorly understood, but mounting evidence, at least in animal models, implicates major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted CD8+ T cells as an essential component. By using a highly sensitive assay for single cell interferon gamma release, we screened an array of M. tuberculosis antigen-derived peptides congruent with HLA class I allele-specific motifs. We identified CD8+ T cells specific for epitopes in the early secretory antigenic target 6 during active tuberculosis, after clinical recovery and in healthy contacts. Unrestimulated cells exhibited peptide-specific interferon gamma secretion, whereas lines or clones recognized endogenously processed antigen and showed cytolytic activity. These results provide direct evidence for the involvement of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes in host defense against M. tuberculosis in humans and support current attempts to generate protective cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses against M. tuberculosis by vaccination.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/1998; 95(1):270-5. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The tuberculin skin test currently used to diagnose infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis has poor diagnostic value, especially in geographic areas where the prevalence of tuberculosis is low or where the environmental burden of saprophytic, nontuberculous mycobacteria is high. Inaccuracy of the tuberculin skin test often reflects a low diagnostic specificity due to the presence in tuberculin of antigens shared by many mycobacterial species. Thus, a skin test specific for tuberculosis requires the development of new tuberculins consisting of antigens specific to M. tuberculosis. We have formulated cocktails of two to eight antigens of M. tuberculosis purified from recombinant Escherichia coli. Multiantigen cocktails were evaluated by skin testing guinea pigs sensitized with M. bovis BCG. Reactivity of multiantigen cocktails was greater than that of any single antigen. Cocktail activity increased with the number of antigens in the cocktail even when the same amount of total protein was used for cocktails and for each single antigen. A cocktail of four purified antigens specific for the M. tuberculosis complex elicited skin test responses only in BCG-immunized guinea pigs, not in control animals immunized with M. avium. These findings open the way to designing a multiantigen formulation for a skin test specific for tuberculosis.
    Infection and Immunity 09/1998; 66(8):3606-10. · 4.16 Impact Factor