Gene regulation by RNA binding proteins and microRNAs in angiogenesis.
ABSTRACT Once mRNAs are transcribed, spliced and transported to the cytoplasm, their fate is determined by the complex interplay of RNA binding proteins (RBPs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) that act on regulatory elements within the transcripts. The importance of post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms in angiogenesis is underscored by the observation that perturbations in miRNAs and/or RBPs lead to profound phenotypic alterations in vascular development, homeostasis and disease, with current data suggesting that mRNAs for key angiogenic regulators (secreted factors and intracellular signaling intermediates) are subject to stringent post-transcriptional regulation by both RBPs and miRNAs. In addition, an intricate network of miRNAs and RBPs allow robust gene regulation in vascular cells. This review focuses on the miRNAs and RBPs which often cooperate to achieve precise spatial and temporal control of angiogenic regulatory genes.