Characterization of the elongasome core PBP2: MreC complex of Helicobacter pylori

Institut Pasteur, Group Biology and Genetics of the Bacterial Cell Wall, F-75015 Paris, France.
Molecular Microbiology (Impact Factor: 4.42). 08/2011; 82(1):68-86. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07791.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The definition of bacterial cell shape is a complex process requiring the participation of multiple components of an intricate macromolecular machinery. We aimed at characterizing the determinants involved in cell shape of the helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen with the key cell elongation protein PBP2 as bait, we identified an interaction between PBP2 and MreC. The minimal region of MreC required for this interaction ranges from amino acids 116 to 226. Using recombinant proteins, we showed by affinity and size exclusion chromatographies and surface plasmon resonance that PBP2 and MreC form a stable complex. In vivo, the two proteins display a similar spatial localization and their complex has an apparent 1:1 stoichiometry; these results were confirmed in vitro by analytical ultracentrifugation and chemical cross-linking. Small angle X-ray scattering analyses of the PBP2 : MreC complex suggest that MreC interacts directly with the C-terminal region of PBP2. Depletion of either PBP2 or MreC leads to transition into spherical cells that lose viability. Finally, the specific expression in trans of the minimal interacting domain of MreC with PBP2 in the periplasmic space leads to cell rounding, suggesting that the PBP2/MreC complex formation in vivo is essential for cell morphology.

Download full-text


Available from: Patrick England, Nov 21, 2014
24 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori, a human-specific bacterial pathogen responsible for severe gastric diseases, constitutes a major public health issue. In the last decade, rates of H. pylori resistance to antibiotics were increasing drastically, requiring alternative therapeutic strategies to deal with eradication failures. Therefore, we evaluated the potential of bulgecin A, a glycosidic inhibitor of the lytic transglycosylase (LTG) Slt70 of Escherichia coli, as a new therapeutic approach against the H. pylori infection. In this study, we show that bulgecin A is able to specifically inactivate the H. pylori LTG Slt, but not its ortholog MltD. Moreover, bulgecin A synergized with amoxicillin, an inhibitor of penicillin binding proteins, inducing strong morphological alterations, cellular damages, and cell death. Similarly, the simultaneous inactivation of the peptidoglycan (PG) peptidase HdpA and Slt led to inhibition of H. pylori growth, highlighting the strong potential of targeting the PG biosynthetic pathway at different biochemical steps to enhance our therapeutic approaches against bacteria. Hence, we propose that bulgecin A constitutes an attractive compound for the development of new therapeutic strategies against H. pylori combined with other inhibitors of PG biosynthetic enzymes.
    Microbial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.) 03/2012; 18(3):230-9. DOI:10.1089/mdr.2011.0231 · 2.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synthesis of the peptidoglycan cell wall is carefully regulated in time and space. In nature, this essential process occurs in cells that live in fluctuating environments. Here we show that the spatial distributions of specific cell wall proteins in Caulobacter crescentus are sensitive to small external osmotic upshifts. The penicillin-binding protein PBP2, which is commonly branded as an essential cell elongation-specific transpeptidase, switches its localization from a dispersed, patchy pattern to an accumulation at the FtsZ ring location in response to osmotic upshifts as low as 40 mosmol/kg. This osmolality-dependent relocation to the division apparatus is initiated within less than a minute, while restoration to the patchy localization pattern is dependent on cell growth and takes 1 to 2 generations. Cell wall morphogenetic protein RodA and penicillin-binding protein PBP1a also change their spatial distribution by accumulating at the division site in response to external osmotic upshifts. Consistent with its ecological distribution, C. crescentus displays a narrow range of osmotolerance, with an upper limit of 225 mosmol/kg in minimal medium. Collectively, our findings reveal an unsuspected level of environmental regulation of cell wall protein behavior that is likely linked to an ecological adaptation.
    Journal of bacteriology 04/2012; 194(12):3116-27. DOI:10.1128/JB.00260-12 · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The peptidoglycan biosynthetic pathway is a critical process in the bacterial cell and is exploited as a target for the design of antibiotics. This pathway culminates in the production of the peptidoglycan layer, which is composed of polymerized glycan chains with cross-linked peptide substituents. This layer forms the major structural component of the protective barrier known as the cell wall. Disruption in the assembly of the peptidoglycan layer causes a weakened cell wall and subsequent bacterial lysis. With bacteria responsible for both properly functioning human health (probiotic strains) and potentially serious illness (pathogenic strains), a delicate balance is necessary during clinical intervention. Recent research has furthered our understanding of the precise molecular structures, mechanisms of action, and functional interactions involved in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. This research is helping guide our understanding of how to capitalize on peptidoglycan-based therapeutics and, at a more fundamental level, of the complex machinery that creates this critical barrier for bacterial survival.
    Annual review of biochemistry 07/2012; 81(1):451-78. DOI:10.1146/annurev-biochem-061809-112742 · 30.28 Impact Factor
Show more