Article

A survey of condom use behaviors and HIV/STI prevalence among venue-based money boys in Shenzhen, China.

National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.
AIDS and Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.49). 07/2011; 16(4):835-46. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-011-9978-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined an at-risk population in China, money boys (MBs), to evaluate their potential role for transmitting HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Data were collected from 418 MBs selected by time-location cluster sampling, using a self-administered computerized questionnaire and testing a small blood sample for HIV/STIs. One-third (32.1%) of participants self-identified as homosexual, 25.4% heterosexual, 33.5% bisexual, and 9.1% uncertain. Consistent condom use by participants was 70-80% with commercial sex partners, 43.9% with girlfriends, and 60-70% with other non-commercial partners. HIV prevalence was 3.3%; syphilis, 10.5%; and HSV-2, 11.0%; overall prevalence for any was 20.3%. Factors significantly associated with HIV/STIs included being minority (OR = 4.82), having only male partners (OR = 1.92), having more male casual partners in the last 6 months (OR = 1.28), being younger at sexual debut (OR = 1.14), and being older (OR = 1.11). This study emphasizes the importance of developing targeted interventions for MBs, particularly those who are homosexual or minority.

1 Bookmark
 · 
125 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Men who engage in transactional sex, the exchange of sex for money, goods, or other items of value, are thought to be at increased risk of HIV, but there have been no systematic attempts to characterize HIV burden in this population. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify the burden in this population compared with that of men in the general population to better inform future HIV prevention efforts.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e103549. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Little is known about HIV testing, HIV infection and sexual behaviour among bathhouse patrons in China. This study aims to assess differences in HIV prevalence and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending bathhouse in Tianjin, China.Methods: Between March 2011 and September 2012, a HIV voluntary counselling and testing station was established in a gay bathhouse, which provided HIV testing and conducted a survey among participants recruited through snowball sampling. Differences in demographic and high-risk sexual behaviours between repeat and first-time testers were assessed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors for HIV infection.Results: Of the 1642 respondents, 699 (42.6%) were repeat testers and 943 (57.4%) were first-time testers. Among repeat testers, a higher proportion were men aged 18 to 25, single, better educated, had a history of STIs and worked as male sex workers or "money boys" (MBs). Repeat testers were less likely to report having unprotected anal intercourse in the past six months. The overall HIV prevalence was 12.4% (203/1642). There was no difference in HIV prevalence between repeat (11.2%, 78/699) and first-time (13.3%, 125/943) testers. The HIV prevalence increased with age among first-time testers (χ(2)trend=9.816, p=0.002). First-time MB testers had the highest HIV prevalence of 34.5%.Conclusions: MSM attending bathhouse had an alarmingly high HIV infection rate, particularly in MB. Targeted interventions are urgently needed especially focusing on older MSM and MBs.
    Journal of the International AIDS Society 07/2014; 17(1):18848. · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Male sex workers who sell or exchange sex for money or goods encompass a very diverse population across and within countries worldwide. Information characterising their practices, contexts where they live, and their needs is limited, because these individuals are generally included as a subset of larger studies focused on gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) or even female sex workers. Male sex workers, irrespective of their sexual orientation, mostly offer sex to men and rarely identify as sex workers, using local or international terms instead. Growing evidence indicates a sustained or increasing burden of HIV among some male sex workers within the context of the slowing global HIV pandemic. Several synergistic facilitators could be potentiating HIV acquisition and transmission among male sex workers, including biological, behavioural, and structural determinants. Criminalisation and intersectional stigmas of same-sex practices, commercial sex, and HIV all augment risk for HIV and sexually transmitted infections among male sex workers and reduce the likelihood of these people accessing essential services. These contexts, taken together with complex sexual networks among male sex workers, define this group as a key population underserved by current HIV prevention, treatment, and care services. Dedicated efforts are needed to make those services available for the sake of both public health and human rights. Evidence-based and human rights-affirming services dedicated specifically to male sex workers are needed to improve health outcomes for these men and the people within their sexual networks.
    The Lancet 07/2014; · 39.21 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
48 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014