A new methodology for estimating nuclear casualties as a function of time
Institute for Defense Analyses, 4850 Mark Center Drive, Alexandria, VA 22311-1882, USA.Health physics (Impact Factor: 1.27). 09/2011; 101(3):286-98. DOI: 10.1097/HP.0b013e318210325b
The Human Response Injury Profile (HRIP) nuclear methodology provides an estimate of casualties occurring as a consequence of nuclear attacks against military targets for planning purposes. The approach develops user-defined, time-based casualty and fatality estimates based on progressions of underlying symptoms and their severity changes over time. This paper provides a description of the HRIP nuclear methodology and its development, including inputs, human response and the casualty estimation process.
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ABSTRACT: This article distills from available data descriptions of typical human symptoms in reaction to prompt total-body ionizing radiation in the dose range 0.5 to 30 Gy midline body tissue. The symptoms are correlated with dose and time over the acute postexposure period of 6 wk. The purpose is to provide a symptomatology basis for assessing early functional impairment of individuals who may be involved in civil defense, emergency medical care and various military activities in the event of a nuclear attack. The dose range is divided into eight subranges associated with important pathophysiological events. For each subrange, signs and symptoms are designated including estimates of symptom onset, severity, duration and incidence.Health Physics 07/1989; 56(6):821-38. DOI:10.1097/00004032-198906000-00001 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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