The recipient CYP2D6 allele 4-associated poor metabolizer status correlates with an early fibrosis development after liver transplantation.
ABSTRACT CYP2D6 is part of the cytochrome P450 system, which catalyzes biotransformation of endogenous substrates and xenobiotics. Approximately 10% of the Caucasian population has two null alleles, resulting in a poor metabolizer (PM) status. Mostly, allele four (CYP2D6*4) is responsible for the PM status, which is suspected to be associated with an accelerated fibrosis progression (FP). The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of the CYP2D6*4 genotype for FP after liver transplantation (LT). Genotypes were determined in liver biopsies (donor) and peripheral blood (recipient) by fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Data were correlated with clinical variables and risk factors for fibrosis. We analyzed 517 LTs performed between 1997 and 2009. Overall donor and recipient allele frequencies were comparable (18.0%, 20.5%; P = 0.43). The donor genotype did not correlate with FP. In contrast, recipients carrying CYP2D6*4, showed a significant higher risk for an accelerated FP (P = 0.011) in HCV positive (P = 0.038) and HCV negative patients (P = 0.033). Results were confirmed by multivariate analysis (Hazard ratio 1.65; P = 0.001). The CYP2D6*4-associated PM status of the donor liver seems to have no influence on FP after LT. Recipients, carrying the allele, have an elevated risk for an accelerated FP.
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ABSTRACT: Liver metabolism may be modified after liver transplantation according to the phenotype of the donor and may be influenced by posttransplantation complications. The CYP2D6 phenotype was assessed in 13 patients (group I) before and after liver transplantation using debrisoquine. CYP2D6 activity was also assessed in vitro on microsomes from the liver of the recipients and the donors, using dextromethorphan. Twelve patients were extensive metabolizers both before and after transplantation. One apparently poor metabolizer was transplanted with the liver of another poor metabolizer. The intrinsic clearance of dextromethorphan (CL(int)) measured on recipient liver microsomes was significantly lower than that on donor liver microsomes (p < 0.05). In extensive metabolizers, the debrisoquine metabolic ratio was correlated with CL(int) before (r = 0.78, p < 0.05) and after (r = 0.89, p < 0.0005) transplantation. Debrisoquine phenotype was measured repeatedly in nine additional patients (group II) up to 3 years after liver transplantation. Their phenotype was stable during the follow-up observation, although the variations observed may be clinically relevant. Therefore, no change in CYP2D6 phenotype (extensive/poor metabolizer) was observed because of the liver transplantation, and the debrisoquine log metabolic ratio was largely unaffected by the liver complications observed during the posttransplantation follow-up observation.Therapeutic Drug Monitoring 05/1995; 17(2):113-9. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have studied by use of PCR and XbaI and EcoRI restriction-fragment-length polymorphism whether mutations at the polymorphic CYP2D6 (debrisoquine hydroxylase) gene locus are associated with liver cancer. The frequency of CYP2D6 genes containing inactivating mutations was lower among 75 liver cancer patients than 200 healthy controls, and 40 cirrhotic subjects that did not develop liver cancer (frequency for carriers of two or more functional genes was 95% vs 74% vs 78%, respectively). Subjects who were homozygous for functional CYP2D6 genes appear to be at higher risk of developing primary liver cancer (odds ratio 6.40 [95% Cl] 2.4-17.5).The Lancet 05/1995; 345(8953):830-1. · 39.06 Impact Factor
- Hepatology 07/1994; 19(6):1513-20. · 12.00 Impact Factor