Article

# Observation of dirac holes and electrons in a topological insulator.

Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Japan.

Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 07/2011; 107(1):016801. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.016801 Source: PubMed

- Applied Physics Letters 05/2014; 104:211906. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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**ABSTRACT:**The galvanomagnetic properties of p-type bismuth telluride heteroepitaxial films grown by the hot wall epitaxy method on oriented muscovite mica substrates have been investigated. Quantum oscillations of the magnetoresistance associated with surface electronic states in three-dimensional topological insulators have been studied in strong magnetic fields ranging from 6 to 14 T at low temperatures. The cyclotron effective mass, charge carrier mobility, and parameters of the Fermi surface have been determined based on the results of analyzing the magnetoresistance oscillations. The dependences of the cross-sectional area of the Fermi surface S(k F), the wave vector k F, and the surface concentration of charge carriers n s on the frequency of magnetoresistance oscillations in p-type Bi2Te3 heteroepitaxial films have been obtained. The experimentally observed shift of the Landau level index is consistent with the value of the Berry phase, which is characteristic of topological surface states of Dirac fermions in the films. The properties of topological surface states of charge carriers in p-type Bi2Te3 films obtained by analyzing the magnetoresistance oscillations significantly expand fields of practical application and stimulate the investigation of transport properties of chalcogenide films.Physics of the Solid State 05/2014; 56(5):941-947. · 0.78 Impact Factor -
##### Article: Topological transport and atomic tunnelling-clustering dynamics for aged Cu-doped Bi2Te3 crystals.

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**ABSTRACT:**Enhancing the transport contribution of surface states in topological insulators is vital if they are to be incorporated into practical devices. Such efforts have been limited by the defect behaviour of Bi2Te3 (Se3) topological materials, where the subtle bulk carrier from intrinsic defects is dominant over the surface electrons. Compensating such defect carriers is unexpectedly achieved in (Cu0.1Bi0.9)2Te3.06 crystals. Here we report the suppression of the bulk conductance of the material by four orders of magnitude by intense ageing. The weak antilocalization analysis, Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations and scanning tunnelling spectroscopy corroborate the transport of the topological surface states. Scanning tunnelling microscopy reveals that Cu atoms are initially inside the quintuple layers and migrate to the layer gaps to form Cu clusters during the ageing. In combination with first-principles calculations, an atomic tunnelling-clustering picture across a diffusion barrier of 0.57 eV is proposed.Nature Communications 09/2014; 5:5022. · 10.74 Impact Factor

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