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Factors associated with breast self-examination among Malaysian women teachers.

Child and Maternal Health Research Centre and Health Science Research Centre, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Hamedan University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hamedan, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-ṣiḥḥīyah li-sharq al-mutawassiṭ 06/2011; 17(6):509-16.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to breast self-examination (BSE) among teachers in Selangor, Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 425 female teachers in 20 randomly selected secondary schools. A self-administered questionnaire based on the health belief model was randomly selected secondary schools. A self-administered questionnaire based on the health belief model was used, including sociodemographic background and knowledge, beliefs and practices about breast cancer and BSE. Only 19% of the women performed BSE on a regular basis. Higher knowledge about breast cancer, greater confidence in performing BSE and regular visits to a physician were significant predictors for practising BSE. To promote BSE practice among Malaysian women, tailored health education and health promotion programmes should be developed based on a specific understanding of women's health beliefs.

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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of breast cancer augments together with the technical global development and modernization. Breast carcinoma is one of the leading causes of death in women. A literature search was conducted in July-October 2012 to explore the published articles regarding awareness of breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE) in Asian settings. This review included studies which measured knowledge regarding breast cancer and studies on attitude, practice and barriers to breast self-examination by using qualitative (one-to-one interview, concept mapping) or quantitative methods (cross-sectional survey) or both. The search was initiated through several keywords: breast cancer, breast cancer awareness, statistics of breast cancer, breast self-examination, etc. Other included electronic databases were Science Direct, Sage, Life Science, Springer Link, BioMed Central, Proquest and EBSCOhost. The search was limited to full paper articles published in English between 2000-2012 and only seventeen full text articles were included in review. The studies included in review are from Hong Kong, Australia, UK, Iran, Qatar, Nigeria, and Malaysia. This review highlights the awareness of breast cancer by means of BSE and attitude towards BSE. Proactive educational measures by healthcare professionals and mass media campaigns are therefore suggested to enhance BSE screening and breast cancer awareness among women. INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a word that is relatively easy to be uttered but left a deep frightening impression on women. With the passage of times, the prevalence of breast cancer augments together with the technical global development and modernization. Irrespective of whether First World countries or Third World countries, the health of women is at stake as breast carcinoma is the leading causes of death in women aged 30 years and above [1]. According to GLOBOCAN (2008), a project done by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) was deemed to provide statistics on the incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of cancers in 184 countries and reported that breast cancer is affecting women in 145 countries [2]. Out of those 145 countries, countries like US, UK, Australia, Canada and Denmark were ranked higher than Africa and Asia [2]. For Asian countries, National Cancer Registry reported that the crude incidence rate of breast cancer (the annual incidence rate of number of cases per 100,000 study populations) in eastern Asia varied from 20.6% in Thailand to 23.3% in Korea. In Malaysia this is slightly raised to 29.4% with Singapore and Philippines touching a higher value of 54.1% and 55.2% respectively [3]. Despite the less common incidence in Asia compared to Western countries, breast cancer dwells as major national health problems to Malaysian women with peak age of breast cancer presentations being 40-49 years in contrast to the Western settings where breast cancer arise in a quite later age of 50-59 years[4]. Besides this report, the Malaysian Cancer Registry report in 2006 declared that 1 out of every 19 Malaysian women might have the chance to develop breast cancer[5]. However, the Malaysian statistics have not

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May 27, 2014