Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the spinyhead croaker Collichthys lucidus (Perciformes, Sciaenidae) with phylogenetic considerations
ABSTRACT The complete mitochondrial genome of the spinyhead croaker Collichthys lucidus was determined using long-PCR and primer walking methods. It is a circular molecule of 16,451 bp in length with a standard set of 22 tRNAs, 2 rRNAs, 13 protein-coding genes as well as a non-coding control region in the same order as those of the other bony fishes. C. lucidus mitogenome exhibited a clear strand-specific bias in nucleotide composition, as evidence by a GC- skew of the H-strand of -0.319. The strand-specific bias was also reflected in the codon usage of genes oriented in opposite directions. All tRNA genes except for tRNA( Ser(AGY)) harbored the typical cloverleaf secondary structures and possessed anticodons that matched the vertebrate mitochondrial genetic code. Contrary to the typical structure of control region consistig of TAS, central, and CSB domains, there were no central conserved blocks available in C. lucidus mitogenome. Despite extensive studies based on both morphology and molecules, phylogenetic position of C. lucidus with Sciaenidae is still controversial. Our phylogenetic results provided more evidence to support previous morphological studies and consistently placed C. lucidus as a sister taxon to Collichthys niveatus, with both of these taxa forming the monophyletic Collichthys.
- SourceAvailable from: Hongyu Ma
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- "The complete mitochondrial genomes not only provide more information than single genes, but also show genome-level characteristics which are valuable for better understanding genome evolution and phylogeny (Lei et al., 2010). Up to now, the complete mitochondrial genomes have been reported in many aquatic organisms, including Penaeus monodon (Wilson et al., 2000), Portunus trituberculatus (Yamauchi et al., 2003), Eriocheir sinensis (Sun et al., 2005), Fenneropenaeus chinensis (Shen et al., 2007), Apostichopus japonicas (Shen et al., 2009), Radix balthica (Feldmeyer et al., 2010), Lutra lutra (Ki et al., 2010), Miichthys miiuy (Cheng et al., 2010), Charybdis japonica (Liu and Cui, 2010) and Collichthys lucidus (Cheng et al., 2012a). Due to its haploid nature, limited recombination, maternal inheritance and rapid evolutionary rate, the mitochondrial DNA has now been widely used for studying population genetics (Brown et al., 2011; Lee et al., 2010; Ma et al., 2011a), phylogeography and phylogeny (Keskin and Can, 2009; Gvozdik et al., 2010; Xu et al., 2009), and species identification (Feng et al., 2011; Ma et al., 2012a). "
ABSTRACT: The complete mitochondrial genome is of great importance for better understanding the genome-level characteristics and phylogenetic relationships among related species. In the present study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome DNA sequence of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) by 454 deep sequencing and sanger sequencing approaches. The complete genome DNA was 15, 824 bp in length and contained a typical set of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes and a putative control region (CR). Of 37 genes, twenty-three were encoded by the heavy strand (H-strand), while the other ones were encoded by light strand (L-strand). The gene order in the mitochondrial genome was largely identical to those obtained in most arthropods, although the relative position of gene tRNA(His) differed from other arthropods. Among 13 protein-coding genes, three (ATPase subunits 6 (ATP6), NADH dehydrogenase subunits 1 (ND1) and ND3) started with a rare start codon ATT, whereas, one gene cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) ended with the incomplete stop codon TA. All 22 tRNAs could fold into a typical clover-leaf secondary structure, with the gene sizes ranging from 63 to 73 bp. The phylogenetic analysis based on 12 concatenated protein-coding genes showed that the molecular genetic relationship of 19 species of 11 genera was identical to the traditional taxonomy.Gene 02/2013; 519(1). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.01.028 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of Pseudosciaeniae have long been controversial. Here we describe the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of Collichthys niveatus. It is a circular double-stranded DNA molecule of 16,450 base pairs (bp) in length with a standard set of 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), 13 protein-coding genes as well as a non-coding control region. The mitogenome of C. niveatus shared common features with those of other bony fishes in terms of gene arrangement, base composition, and tRNA structures. The C. niveatus mitogenome exhibited pronounced strand-specific asymmetry in nucleotide composition, which was also reflected in the codon usage of genes oriented in opposite directions. Contrary to the typical structure of the control region, the central conserved blocks (CSB-D, -E, and -F) could not be detected in C. niveatus mitogenome. Phylogenetic analysis based on whole mitogenome sequences provided strong support for the monophyly of Pseudosciaeniae, and sister-group relationships of C. niveatus+Collichthys lucidus and Larimichthys crocea+Larimichthys polyactis, which was consistent with the traditional taxonomy. Unexpected divergence was found in two C. niveatus mitogenomes and several hypotheses were proposed to explain this observation including misidentification and introgressive hybridization between C. niveatus and L. polyactis, and polyphyletic origin of C. niveatus. We considered species misidentification to be the main hypothesis. However, additional data is essential to test these proposed hypotheses.Gene 01/2012; 491(2):210-23. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2011.09.020 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To understand the phylogenetic position of Larimichthys polyactis within the family Sciaenidae and the phylogeny of this family, the organization of the mitochondrial genome of small yellow croaker was determined herein. The complete, 16,470 bp long, mitochondrial genome contains 37 mitochondrial genes (13 protein-coding, 2 ribosomal RNA and 22 transfer RNA genes), as well as a control region (CR), as in other bony fishes. Comparative analysis of initiation/termination codon usage in mitochondrial protein-coding genes of Percoidei species, indicated that COI in Sciaenidae entails an ATG/AGA codon usage different from other Percoidei fishes, where absence of a typical conserved domain or motif in the control regions is common. Partitioned Bayesian analysis of 618 bp of COI sequences data were used to infer the phylogenetic relationships within the family Sciaenidae. An improvement in harmonic mean -lnL was observed when specific models and parameter estimates were assumed for partitions of the total data. The phylogenetic analyses did not support the monophyly of Otolithes, Argyrosomus, and Argyrosominae. L. polyactis was found to be most closely related to Collichthys niveatus, whereby, according to molecular systematics studies, the relationships within the subfamily Pseudosciaenidae should be reconsidered.Genetics and Molecular Biology 01/2012; 35(1):191-9. DOI:10.1590/S1415-47572012005000006 · 1.20 Impact Factor