Prediction of safe and successful vaginal twin birth
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to establish predictors of vaginal twin birth and evaluate perinatal morbidity according to mode of delivery.
One thousand twenty-eight twin pregnancies were prospectively recruited. For this prespecified secondary analysis, obstetric characteristics and a composite of adverse perinatal outcome were compared according to the success or failure of a trial of labor and further compared with those undergoing elective cesarean delivery. Perinatal outcomes were adjusted for chorionicity and gestational age using a linear model for continuous data and logistic regression for binary data.
Nine hundred seventy-one twin pregnancies met the criteria for inclusion. A trial of labor was considered for 441 (45%) and was successful in 338 of 441 (77%). The cesarean delivery rate for the second twin was 4% (14 of 351). Multiparity and spontaneous conception predicted vaginal birth. No statistically significant differences in perinatal morbidity were observed.
A high prospect of successful and safe vaginal delivery can be achieved with trial of twin labor.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the optimum timing for planned delivery of uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies. Unselected twin pregnancies were recruited for this prospective cohort study (N=1,028), which was conducted in eight tertiary referral perinatal centers in Ireland. Perinatal mortality and a composite measure of perinatal morbidity (respiratory distress, necrotizing enterocolitis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, periventricular leukomalacia, or sepsis) were compared between uncomplicated twins that underwent planned preterm delivery compared with monochorionic twins that continued in utero beyond 34 weeks of gestation, and dichorionic twins who continued beyond 36 weeks. Perinatal outcome data were recorded for 100% of the 1,001 twin pairs that completed the study (n=200 monochorionic and n=801 dichorionic). Overall perinatal mortality was 30 per 1,000 in monochorionic twins and 3.8 per 1,000 among dichorionic twins. The prospective risk of in utero death was 1.5% after 34 weeks of gestation for uncomplicated monochorionic pregnancies, with no deaths among dichorionic twins after 33 weeks. The risk of a composite measure of perinatal morbidity for uncomplicated monochorionic twins fell from 41% (13/32 neonates, 3/6 among elective deliveries) at 34 weeks to 5% (4/84) at 37 weeks (P<.001). Among dichorionic twins, the risk of morbidity fell from 4% (2/52) among elective deliveries at 36 weeks to 1% (5/344) in pregnancies continuing to 38 weeks (P=.231). Applying a strategy of close fetal surveillance, perinatal morbidity can be minimized by allowing uncomplicated monochorionic pregnancies continue to 37 weeks of gestation and dichorionic twins to 38 weeks. Among monochorionic twins, this approach must be balanced against a 1.5% risk of late in utero death.Obstetrics and Gynecology 01/2012; 119(1):50-9. DOI:10.1097/AOG.0b013e31823d7b06 · 4.37 Impact Factor
- Obstetrics and Gynecology 06/2012; 119(6):1276. DOI:10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182588baa · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To establish if first or second trimester biometry is a useful adjunct in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome in twin pregnancy. Methods: A consecutive cohort of 1028 twin pregnancies was enrolled for the Evaluation of Sonographic Predictors of Restricted growth in Twins (ESPRiT) study, a prospective study conducted at eight academic centers. Outcome data was recorded for 1001 twin pairs that completed the study. Ultrasound biometry was available for 960 pregnancies. Biometric data obtained between 11 and 22 weeks were evaluated as predictors of a composite of adverse perinatal outcome (mortality, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, respiratory distress, or sepsis), preterm delivery (PTD) and birthweight discordance greater than 18% (18% BW). Outcomes were adjusted for chorionicity and gestational age using Cox Proportional Hazards regression. Results: Differences in crown-rump length (CRL) were not predictive of adverse perinatal outcome. Between 14 and 22 weeks, a difference in abdominal circumference (AC) of more than 10% was the most useful predictor of adverse outcome, PTD and 18% or more BW discordance in all twins. Overall the strongest correlation was observed for intertwin differences in biometry between 18 and 22 weeks. Conclusion: Biometry in the early second trimester can successfully identify twin pregnancies at increased risk. Intertwin AC difference of greater than 10% between 14 and 22 weeks gestation was the best individual predictor of perinatal risk in all twins. Sonographic biometry in the early second trimester should therefore be utilized to establish perinatal risk, thus allowing prenatal care to be improved.The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 02/2013; 26(10). DOI:10.3109/14767058.2013.766701 · 1.21 Impact Factor