The objective of the study was to establish predictors of vaginal twin birth and evaluate perinatal morbidity according to mode of delivery.
One thousand twenty-eight twin pregnancies were prospectively recruited. For this prespecified secondary analysis, obstetric characteristics and a composite of adverse perinatal outcome were compared according to the success or failure of a trial of labor and further compared with those undergoing elective cesarean delivery. Perinatal outcomes were adjusted for chorionicity and gestational age using a linear model for continuous data and logistic regression for binary data.
Nine hundred seventy-one twin pregnancies met the criteria for inclusion. A trial of labor was considered for 441 (45%) and was successful in 338 of 441 (77%). The cesarean delivery rate for the second twin was 4% (14 of 351). Multiparity and spontaneous conception predicted vaginal birth. No statistically significant differences in perinatal morbidity were observed.
A high prospect of successful and safe vaginal delivery can be achieved with trial of twin labor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the optimum timing for planned delivery of uncomplicated monochorionic and dichorionic twin pregnancies.
Unselected twin pregnancies were recruited for this prospective cohort study (N=1,028), which was conducted in eight tertiary referral perinatal centers in Ireland. Perinatal mortality and a composite measure of perinatal morbidity (respiratory distress, necrotizing enterocolitis, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, periventricular leukomalacia, or sepsis) were compared between uncomplicated twins that underwent planned preterm delivery compared with monochorionic twins that continued in utero beyond 34 weeks of gestation, and dichorionic twins who continued beyond 36 weeks.
Perinatal outcome data were recorded for 100% of the 1,001 twin pairs that completed the study (n=200 monochorionic and n=801 dichorionic). Overall perinatal mortality was 30 per 1,000 in monochorionic twins and 3.8 per 1,000 among dichorionic twins. The prospective risk of in utero death was 1.5% after 34 weeks of gestation for uncomplicated monochorionic pregnancies, with no deaths among dichorionic twins after 33 weeks. The risk of a composite measure of perinatal morbidity for uncomplicated monochorionic twins fell from 41% (13/32 neonates, 3/6 among elective deliveries) at 34 weeks to 5% (4/84) at 37 weeks (P<.001). Among dichorionic twins, the risk of morbidity fell from 4% (2/52) among elective deliveries at 36 weeks to 1% (5/344) in pregnancies continuing to 38 weeks (P=.231).
Applying a strategy of close fetal surveillance, perinatal morbidity can be minimized by allowing uncomplicated monochorionic pregnancies continue to 37 weeks of gestation and dichorionic twins to 38 weeks. Among monochorionic twins, this approach must be balanced against a 1.5% risk of late in utero death.
Obstetrics and Gynecology 01/2012; 119(1):50-9. DOI:10.1097/AOG.0b013e31823d7b06 · 5.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to review current information regarding the management of twin gestations and discuss optimal pregnancy length and considerations regarding route of delivery. Limited data are available on the timing and mode of delivery for twins. For apparently uncomplicated twin pregnancies, current recommendations suggest the optimal length of gestation is 38 weeks for dichorionic diamniotic twins, 34-36 weeks for monochorionic diamniotic twins, and 32-34 weeks for monoamniotic twins. In general, vaginal trial of labor may be considered for cephalic-cephalic twins and in cases of cephalic-noncephalic twins where the provider's skills and experience allow. Cesarean is recommended in twin gestations with monoamnionicity, noncephalic presenting fetus, and those at high risk for combined vaginal-abdominal delivery. The optimal management of twin deliveries is controversial, with timing and mode of delivery dependent on multiple factors, including chorionicity, amnionicity, provider experience, and fetal presentation.
Seminars in perinatology 06/2012; 36(3):195-200. DOI:10.1053/j.semperi.2012.02.004 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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