Effects of phase constitution on magnetic susceptibility and mechanical properties of Zr-rich Zr-Mo alloys.
ABSTRACT The effects of the microstructures and phases of Zr-rich Mo alloys on their magnetic susceptibilities and mechanical properties were investigated in order to develop a Zr alloy with low magnetic susceptibility for use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The magnetic susceptibility was measured with a magnetic susceptibility balance, while mechanical properties were evaluated by a tensile test. The microstructure was evaluated with an X-ray diffractometer, an optical microscope, and a transmission electron microscope. Evaluation of the microstructures revealed that the α' phase was the dominant form at less than 2% Mo content in the as-cast alloy. The ω phase was formed in as-cast Zr-3Mo but disappeared with aging at 973 K. Magnetic susceptibility was reflected in the phase constitution: the susceptibility showed a local minimum at Zr-(0.5-1)Mo with mostly α' phase and a minimum at Zr-3Mo with mostly β and ω phases. The magnetic susceptibility of as-cast Zr-3Mo increased at 973 K due to disappearance of the ω phase. However, the susceptibility was still as low as that of as-cast Zr-1Mo. The ultimate tensile strength of α'-based Zr-Mo alloys was tailored from 674 to 970 MPa, and the corresponding elongation varied from 11.1% to 2.9%. Because Zr-Mo alloys containing ω phase were found, through tensile tests, to be brittle this phase should be avoided, irrespective of the low magnetic susceptibility, in order to maintain mechanical reliability. Elongation of the Zr-3Mo alloy was dramatically improved when the phase constitution was changed to α and β phases by aging at 973 K for 86.4 ks. The magnetic susceptibilities of the α'-based Zr-Mo alloys are one-third those of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-6Al-7Nb, and thus these Zr alloys are useful for medical devices under MRI.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop a novel abutment material with good esthetic and mechanical properties by producing a white oxide layer on a zirconium-14 mass%niobium (Zr-14Nb) alloy substrate using a thermal oxidation process. Oxidation temperatures ranged 700-1000°C and oxidation time ranged 30-180 min. The color of the oxide layer varied depending on temperature and time. A white oxide layer was obtained under appropriate conditions. The oxide layer thickness increased with increased temperature and time, as revealed by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Moreover, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that the oxide layer was predominantly monoclinic ZrO2, tetragonal ZrO2, and Nb2O5. The oxide layer revealed good abrasion resistance and high adhesion to the substrate. This novel process for producing white materials with good mechanical properties will be useful for abutments and prostheses in dental implant treatment.Dental Materials Journal 07/2014; · 0.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mechanical properties, surface characteristics and castability of Zr-14Nb dental castings. The mean 0.2% proof and ultimate tensile strengths of Zr-14Nb were approximately 68% and 76% those of Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, while they were comparable to Co-29Cr-6Mo. Elongation of Zr-14Nb was the highest of all alloys tested. The hardened reaction layer was formed on the surfaces of the Zr-14Nb castings. The layer consisted of oxygen and aluminum originating form investment. The castability of Zr-14Nb was comparable to that of Ti-6Al-7Nb. Dental castings of Zr-14Nb reveal mechanical properties that were within the range of the other dental alloys. Further improvements in castability and minimization of the surface reaction layer are needed for applications in dental prostheses.Dental Materials Journal 01/2014; 33(5):631-7. · 0.81 Impact Factor
- MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS 01/2013; 54(8):1356-1360. · 0.61 Impact Factor