Living donor kidney transplantation in the United States--looking back, looking forward.
ABSTRACT There is a desperate need for kidney donors. Twenty-five years ago, we urged more widespread acceptance of unrelated living donors for kidney transplantation. Since then, 2 of us have donated a kidney to an unrelated recipient. In our view, the major challenges for living donor transplantation today are to improve access to this extraordinary gift of life and ensure its safety. Our perspective is that altruism is the motivation for most living kidney donors and the decision to donate represents a shared responsibility among the donor, the donor's physician, and the team of professionals at the transplant center. Thus, sound knowledge of the benefits and risks to donors and recipients is required for informed decisions, and all parties share in the responsibility for the outcomes after living kidney donation. We encourage our colleagues and agencies within the US Department of Health and Human Services to accept the responsibility to do their utmost to provide access to this life-enhancing procedure and systematically evaluate the safety of kidney donation as it evolves to meet the needs of more of our patients.
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ABSTRACT: Within the last two decades the application of minimally invasive surgical technologies has shown significant benefits when it comes to complex surgical procedures. Lower rates of complications and higher patient satisfaction are commonly reported. Until recently these benefits were inaccessible for patients with solid organ transplantation, because conventional laparoscopy was seen as nonapplicable in such technically demanding procedures. The introduction of the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System, with its inherent advantages, has expanded the ability to complete solid organ transplantation in a minimally invasive fashion. Robotic applications in kidney, pancreas, and liver transplantation have been reported. The initial results showed the viability of this technique in the field. The most extensive experience has been described in kidney transplantation. Over 700 donor nephrectomies and more than 70 renal transplants have been performed successfully with the robotic system. The proven advantage of the robotic technique, especially in obese kidney recipients, is a significantly lower rate of surgical site infection, which in these highly immunosuppressed patients is reflected in superior outcomes. The first results in pancreas transplantation and living donor hepatectomy are very promising; however, larger series are needed in order to address the value of the robotic surgery in these areas of solid organ transplantation.World Journal of Surgery 10/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore age-related mortality post-kidney transplantation in England over the last decade. This study used data from Hospital Episode Statistics to select all kidney transplant procedures performed in England between April 2001 and March 2012. Demographics and medical comorbidities (based upon ICD-10 codes) were extracted at baseline. Data linkage analysis was performed with the Office for National Statistics to identify all deaths occurring among this study cohort. Data for 19,103 kidney transplant procedures was analyzed, with a median follow-up of 4.4 years (interquartile range 2.2-7.3 years). Categorization of age cohorts at time of transplantation were age below 50 (n=11,421, 59.8%), 50 to 59 (n=4,195, 22.0%), 60 to 69 (n=2,887, 15.1%), 70 to 79 (n=589, 3.1%), and 80 and above (n=11, 0.1%). There were 2,085 deaths that occurred among the study cohort during follow-up and mortality risk increased with age: below 50 (5.8%), 50 to 59 (14.2%), 60 to 69 (22.0%), 70 to 79 (31.9%), and 80 and above (45.5%). The three most common causes of deaths for recipients 70 and over were cardiac (21.2%), infection (21.2%), and malignancy (20.2%), respectively. Lower mortality was observed with the receipt of a living-donor kidney for recipients aged 70 and above. On Cox regression analysis, risk for death increased with each additional decade of recipient age over 50. Increasing age is a strong, independent risk factor for death after kidney transplantation. Although lower mortality was observed with living kidney transplantation among elderly recipients, living-donor rates decrease with increasing recipient age. Pretransplant counseling and posttransplant tailored immunosuppression should be explored, the latter requiring targeted clinical trials.Transplantation 12/2013; · 3.78 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Kidney Diseases 05/2014; · 5.29 Impact Factor