Article

Pediatric Urinary Tract Infections

Department of Emergency Medicine, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC 20007, USA.
Emergency medicine clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 0.85). 08/2011; 29(3):637-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.emc.2011.04.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are commonly seen in the emergency department and pose several challenges to establishing the proper diagnosis and determining management. This article reviews pediatric UTI and addresses epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and imaging, and their importance to the practicing emergency medicine provider. Accurate and timely diagnosis of pediatric UTI can prevent short-term complications, such as severe pyelonephritis or sepsis, and long-term sequelae including scarring of the kidneys, hypertension, and ultimately chronic renal insufficiency and need for transplant.

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