Potentiation of morphine analgesia by adjuvant activation of 5-HT7 receptors.
ABSTRACT Spinal blockade of 5-HT7 receptors has been reported to inhibit the antinociceptive effect of opioids. In this study, we found that subcutaneous administration of the selective 5-HT7 receptor agonist E-55888 (10 mg/kg) or the antagonist SB-258719 (5 mg/kg) exerted no effect on the tail-flick test in mice. However, E-55888, but not SB-258719, increased (2.6-fold) the analgesic potency of oral morphine. The potentiating effect exerted by E-55888 was prevented by SB-258719. A pharmacokinetic interaction was discarded as morphine plasma and brain concentrations were not significantly modified when co-administered with E-55888. These results reinforce the involvement of 5-HT7 receptors in opioid analgesia and point to a potential use of 5-HT7 receptor agonists as adjuvants of opioid analgesia.
- Pain 07/1983; 16(2):109-10. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An assay using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS-MS) was developed for simultaneously determining concentrations of morphine, oxycodone, morphine-3-glucuronide, and noroxycodone, in 50 microl samples of rat serum. Deuterated (d(3)) analogues of each compound were used as internal standards. Samples were treated with acetonitrile to precipitate plasma proteins; acetonitrile was removed from the supernatant by centrifugal evaporation before analysis. Limits of quantitation (ng/ml) and their between-day accuracy and precision (%deviation and %CV) were--morphine, 3.8 (4.3% and 7.6%); morphine-3-glucuronide, 5.0 (4.5% and 2.9%); oxycodone, 4.5 (0.4% and 9.3%); noroxycodone, 5.0 (8.5% and 4.6%).Journal of Chromatography B 02/2005; 814(2):241-9. · 2.49 Impact Factor