Prognostic significance of angiogenic factors in uterine cervical cancer.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.
Anticancer research (Impact Factor: 1.87). 08/2011; 31(8):2589-95.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Angiogenesis is pivotal in tumour development and progress, and targeted tumour therapies, such as bevacizumab, have shown promising results. However, in unselected patient populations, the treatment with angiogenesis-targeted combination regimens is marred by a variable response, non-negligible toxicity and questionable economy. The present study summarizes research to identify individual circulating angiogenic factors as markers for disease severity and possibly treatment response.
A total of 125 patients with cervical cancer from the ongoing cervical cancer monitoring database of the University Hospital Charité, Berlin, Germany, were included. Information obtained from the database included tumour stage, malignancy grade, presence of nodal metastases, lymph vessel invasion, patient age, HER2, HPV, smoking and menopausal status, and serum concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-D, VEGF-C, endoglin, endostatin, angiogenin, basic fibroblast growth factor (FGFb), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF-R1), VEGF-R2, soluble inter-cellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM 1), soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM 1), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IFG-1) and insulin like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGF-BP3).
There was a clear association of angiogenic factor concentrations with stage of disease. Angiogenin showed an independent discrimination for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive stages, and endoglin did so for invasive stages vs. recurrent disease. However, none of the potential markers under investigation was anywhere near selective enough to allow for a clinically meaningful prediction of prognosis or response.
The association of circulating angiogenic factors with disease progression in cervical cancer is confirmed, but its utility for prognosis prediction and patient stratification for targeted therapies is doubtful.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy among women worldwide. While more than 90% of cervical cancers carry one or more high risk HPV types, the exact relationship between HPV oncoproteins and signaling pathways alterations in cervical cancer remains to be clarified. Vaccines and targeted therapies are today considered of great potential for the improvement of patients' outcome. This review will focus on the interaction of HPV with cervical cancer pathway activations. Next generation high throughput screening technologies for molecular and protein profiling as well as innovative logistics, necessary for the implementation of the personalized care of cervical cancer patients will be discussed.
    Current pharmaceutical design 09/2012; DOI:10.2174/138161213804805577 · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Circulating endothelial cells (CECs), endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), Willebrand factor (vWf), soluble E-selectin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenin are of interest in cancer vascular biology. However, few studies have looked at more than one in combination. We set out to determine which would be best in predicting the Dukes' and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) scores in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: We recruited 154 patients with colorectal cancer, 29 healthy controls and 26 patients with benign bowel disease. CD34(+) /CD45(-) /CD146(+) CECs and CD34(+) /CD45(-) /CD309[KDR](+) EPCs were measured by flow cytometry, plasma markers by ELISA. RESULTS: All research indices were raised in colorectal cancer (P < 0·05) compared to control groups. Although CECs (P < 0·05), EPCs (P < 0·01) and angiogenin (P < 0·01) increased stepwise across the four Dukes' stages and four AJCC stages, only angiogenin remained significant in multiple regression analysis (P = 0·003 for Dukes, P = 0·01 for AJCC). Angiogenin levels were higher in Dukes' stages C and D compared to stage A, and AJCC stages 4-6 and 7-10 compared to stage 1 (all P < 0·05). Adding a second research marker to angiogenin did not markedly improve this relationship. CONCLUSION: Although we found disturbances in endotheliod cells and plasma markers of the endothelium and growth factors, only angiogenin levels were independently associated with progression of the Dukes' stage and AJCC stage, with the association with Duke's stage being stronger. We suggest that angiogenin is a potential biomarker in risk stratification for colorectal cancer, and may aid clinical decision making.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/2013; DOI:10.1111/eci.12108 · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Experimental data imply that endostatin, a proteolytically cleaved fragment of collagen XVIII, could be involved in the development of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Prospective data concerning the relation between circulating endostatin and mortality are lacking. Accordingly, we aimed to study associations between circulating endostatin and mortality risk. Serum endostatin was analyzed in 2 community-based cohorts: the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS; women 50%, n=748; mean age, 77 years; median follow-up, 7.9 years) and the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM; n=748; mean age, 77 years; median follow-up, 9.7 years). During follow-up, 90 participants died in PIVUS (1.28/100 person-years at risk), and 417 participants died in ULSAM (6.7/100 person-years at risk). In multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for age and established cardiovascular risk factors, 1 SD higher ln(serum endostatin level) was associated with a hazard ratio of mortality of 1.39 and 95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 1.53, on average in both cohorts. In the ULSAM cohort, serum endostatin was also associated with cardiovascular mortality (177 deaths; hazard ratio per SD of ln[endostatin] 1.45, 95% confidence interval [1.25-1.71]) and cancer mortality (115 deaths; hazard ratio per SD of ln[endostatin] 1.35, 95% confidence interval [1.10-1.66]). High serum endostatin was associated with increased mortality risk in 2 independent community-based cohorts of the elderly. Our observational data support the importance of extracellular matrix remodeling in the underlying pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 09/2013; 33(11). DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.113.301704 · 5.53 Impact Factor