Persistent overuse of radical nephrectomy in the elderly.
ABSTRACT To analyze the use of radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy during a 10-year period in patients aged≥75 years compared with their younger counterparts.
Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry, we identified 18 045 cases of localized renal cell carcinoma of ≤4 cm diagnosed from 1998 to 2007. The baseline differences in demographic and tumor characteristics were compared between the 2 age cohorts (<75 vs ≥75 years), and the rates of RN were determined, stratified by tumor size. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to predict the odds of undergoing radical nephrectomy for clinical Stage T1a disease.
Overall, 2733 patients (15%) were aged≥75 years. The use of radical nephrectomy for clinical Stage T1a renal cell carcinoma decreased during the study period for all patients (79% in 1998 to 49% in 2007). Overall, 66% of patients aged≥75 years underwent RN for their disease compared with 59% of patients aged<75 years (P<.001). For patients with tumors of ≤2 cm, 51% of those aged≥75 years underwent RN compared with 41% of the younger cohort. In a multivariate logistic regression model, age≥75 years independently predicted the use of radical nephrectomy (odds ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.29). A 1-year increase in age was associated with a 1% increase in the risk of undergoing RN (odds ratio 1.01, 95% confidence interval 1.01-1.01).
Elderly patients with clinically localized small renal masses are treated with RN more frequently than younger patients. Additional studies should address the medical implications of the increased use of radical surgery within the geriatric population.