Immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a patient with multiple sclerosis treated with natalizumab

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77054, USA.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.29). 08/2011; 77(5):505-7. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318227b23f
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    ABSTRACT: In a phase 2 clinical trial of annual alemtuzumab for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, 6 of 216 patients (2.8%) developed immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Over mean follow-up of 4.5 years, the incidence rate of ITP was 6.2 (95% confidence interval, 2.3-13.3) per 1000 person-years. Median times from initial and last alemtuzumab exposure to ITP diagnosis were 24.5 and 10.5 months, respectively. Five patients developed severe thrombocytopenia. Four were symptomatic, including fatal intracranial hemorrhage in the index case. Four patients received standard first-line ITP therapy, all of whom responded to treatment within 1 week. All 5 surviving patients achieved complete remission and remained in complete remission without need for ongoing ITP therapy for a median duration of 34 months at last follow-up. A monitoring plan for the early detection of ITP, implemented after presentation of the index case, identified all 5 subsequent cases before serious hemorrhagic morbidity or mortality occurred. In conclusion, we describe a distinctive form of ITP associated with alemtuzumab treatment characterized by delayed presentation after drug exposure, responsiveness to conventional ITP therapies, and prolonged remission. Clinicians should maintain a high level of vigilance and consider routine monitoring for ITP in patients treated with this agent. This trial was registered at as #NCT00050778.
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    ABSTRACT: The safety profile of natalizumab has been widely discussed due to several cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, reported worldwide. Since the launch of natalizumab, 32 patients have been treated at our centre. In this context, we describe two cases (6.25%), one of immune-mediated acute haemolytic anaemia (IAHA) and another of immune thrombocytopenic purpura during treatment with natalizumab. The temporal relationship between drug administration and the nature of the haematological complications, confirmed with the serological findings in the case of the IAHA, suggests that natalizumab is the most probable cause for these adverse events. Although very uncommon, the haematological complications are severe enough to justify a close and careful monitoring for all patients with multiple sclerosis treated with an immunosuppressant treatment.
    Multiple Sclerosis 03/2012; 18(11):1644-6. DOI:10.1177/1352458512442262 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Natalizumab is a monoclonal therapeutic antibody that inhibits migration of lymphocytes into the central nervous system (CNS) by blocking integrins. Several clinical trials have shown an excellent efficacy in the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. This efficacy is also underlined by postmarketing data of patients with a more aggressive disease compared with the clinical trials. Certain patients might even improve during natalizumab treatment. These positive effects have to be balanced against potential adverse events. In this respect, allergic reactions, hematologic abnormalities, melanoma, lymphoma, infections, and most importantly, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) are discussed. A special emphasis is put on the risk stratification algorithm for PML and approaches for PML treatment. Further, patient and disease characteristics are discussed that might prompt the start or cessation of natalizumab. Finally, data on how to continue after stopping natalizumab are summarized.
    Seminars in Neurology 02/2013; 33(1):26-36. DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1343793 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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