When carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase Kpc meets Escherichia coli ST131 in France.

Service de Bactériologie-Virologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Assistance Publique/Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Sud, Université Paris XI, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (Impact Factor: 4.45). 07/2011; 55(10):4933-4. DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00719-11
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Carbapenem-resistance in E. coli isolates even though rare, can be attributed to outer-membrane protein deficiency coupled with plasmid-mediated ESBLs or class C ß-lactamases (2, 10, 11) or to carbapenemases.…


Available from: Thierry Naas, Jun 09, 2015
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) and Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 emerged in the 2000s as important human pathogens, have spread extensively throughout the world, and are responsible for the rapid increase in antimicrobial resistance among E. coli and K. pneumoniae strains, respectively. E. coli ST131 causes extraintestinal infections and is often fluoroquinolone resistant and associated with extended-spectrum β-lactamase production, especially CTX-M-15. K. pneumoniae ST258 causes urinary and respiratory tract infections and is associated with carbapenemases, most often KPC-2 and KPC-3. The most prevalent lineage within ST131 is named fimH30 because it contains the H30 variant of the type 1 fimbrial adhesin gene, and recent molecular studies have demonstrated that this lineage emerged in the early 2000s and was then followed by the rapid expansion of its sublineages H30-R and H30-Rx. K. pneumoniae ST258 comprises 2 distinct lineages, namely clade I and clade II. Moreover, it seems that ST258 is a hybrid clone that was created by a large recombination event between ST11 and ST442. Epidemic plasmids with blaCTX-M and blaKPC belonging to incompatibility group F have contributed significantly to the success of these clones. E. coli ST131 and K. pneumoniae ST258 are the quintessential examples of international multidrug-resistant high-risk clones. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
    Clinical microbiology reviews 07/2015; 28(3):565-591. DOI:10.1128/CMR.00116-14 · 16.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the molecular epidemiology of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli (KPCEC). We aimed to describe the clonal structure and resistance mechanisms of KPCEC in a multicenter study. The study included 88 isolates from four medical centres in Israel: Tel Aviv Medical Center (n = 17), Laniado Medical Center (n = 12), Sha'are-Zedek Medical Center (n = 38), and Rambam Medical Center (n = 21). Twelve (14%) KPCEC were from clinical sites and 86% from surveillance cultures. The clonal structure was studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and was highly diverse, with 79 and 45 different PFGE types and STs, respectively. The most common clones were ST-131 and ST-410, identified in 21 isolates (23%). Dominant clonal complexes (CCs) were CC131 (n = 16), CC410 (n = 14), CC10 (n = 17), and CC-69 (n = 6). The blaKPC-2 and blaKPC-3 genes were identified in 68 and 20 isolates, respectively. All isolates were non-susceptible to ertapenem; 16 (18%) and 35 (40%) isolates were susceptible (minimal inhibitory concentration ≤1 mg/L) to imipenem and meropenem, respectively. Isolates were susceptible to colistin, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in 100%, 87%, 28%, 27%, and 21% of the cases, respectively. blaKPC-Harbouring plasmids from Tel Aviv Medical Center as well as from six CC-131 isolates from the other centres were studied by Inc and pMLST typing. Sixteen of the 20 blaKPC2-harbouring plasmids were of identical type, IncN-pMLST ST-15. In conclusion, the clonal structure of KPCEC in Israel is characterized by the predominance of known international extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing clones and by high intra- and inter-institutional diversity. This suggests that in Israel, clonal spread does not play a major role in the dissemination of KPCEC.
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.cmi.2014.10.008 · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduced in the 1980s, carbapenem antibiotics have served as the last line of defense against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative organisms. Over the last decade, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) have emerged as a significant public health threat. This review summarizes the molecular genetics, natural history, and epidemiology of CRE and discusses approaches to prevention and treatment.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 09/2014; 1323(1). DOI:10.1111/nyas.12537 · 4.31 Impact Factor