Antimicrobial efficacy of non-thermal plasma in comparison to chlorhexidine against dental biofilms on titanium discs in vitro - proof of principle experiment.
ABSTRACT Dental biofilms play a major role in the pathogenesis of peri-implant mucositis. Biofilm reduction is a pre-requisite for a successful therapy of peri-implant mucosal lesions. In this study, we evaluated the effect of three different plasma devices on the reduction of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and multispecies human saliva biofilms.
We assessed the efficacy of three different non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma devices against biofilms of S. mutans and saliva multispecies grown on titanium discs in vitro in comparison with a chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) rinse. Efficacy of plasma treatment was determined by the number of colony forming units (CFU) and by scanning electron microscopy. The results were reported as reduction of CFU (CFU(untreated) -CFU(treated) ).
The application of plasma was much more effective than CHX against biofilms. The maximum reduction of CHX was 3.36 for S. mutans biofilm and 1.50 for saliva biofilm, whereas the colony forming units (CFU) reduction of the volume dielectric barrier discharge argon plasma was 5.38 for S. mutans biofilm and 5.67 for saliva biofilm.
Treatment of single- and multispecies dental biofilms on titanium discs with non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma was more efficient than CHX application in vitro. Thus, the development of plasma devices for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis may be fruitful.
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ABSTRACT: We compared the MBEC™-HTP assay plates made of polystyrene with metal discs composed of TMZF(®) and CrCo as substrates for biofilm formation. Staphylococcus aureus was grown on polystyrene and on metal discs made of titanium and chrome-cobalt. Antibiotic susceptibility was assessed by examining the recovery of cells after antibiotic exposure and by measuring the biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC). The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was assessed with planktonic cells. Bacterial growth was examined by scanning electron microscopy. The antibiotic concentration for biofilm inhibition (BIC) was higher than the MIC for all antibiotics. Microscopic images showed the biofilm structure characterized by groups of cells covered by a film. All models allowed biofilm formation and testing with several antibiotics in vitro. Gentamicin and rifampicin are the most effective inhibitors of Staph. aureus biofilm-related infections. We recommend MBEC™-HTP assay for rapid testing of multiple substances and TMZF(®) and CrCo discs for low-throughput testing of antibiotic susceptibility and for microscopic analysis. In vitro assays can improve the understanding of biofilms and help developing methods to eliminate biofilms from implant surfaces. One advantage of the TMZF(®) and CrCo discs as biofilm in vitro assay is that these metals are commonly used for orthopaedic implants. These models are usable for future periprosthetic joint infection studies.Journal of Applied Microbiology 03/2012; 112(6):1235-43. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review considers qualifying standards of wound management, explains the hypothesis for the applicability of tissue tolerable plasma (TTP) and lists the TTP effects relevant for wound healing. TTP fulfils these requirements in-vitro and in-vivo together with its demonstrated good tissue tolerability. Cases of treatment of chronic wounds in pets are presented which healed by TTP in combination with polihexanide or octenidine within 3 to 24 weeks. It may be concluded that TTP is a new option for the treatment of chronic wounds.Clinical Plasma Medicine. 03/2013;
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ABSTRACT: The results of the risk assessment of the tissue-tolerable plasma (TTP) jet kINPen med® and first results of pilot clinical studies are presented. Producing an atmospheric pressure plasma, this plasma jet entails no risk for humans in terms of temperature increase, UV radiation or free radical formation by the plasma. The antiseptic efficacy in vitro on porcine skin and in vivo on human skin was compared to that of octenidine. TTP could significantly reduce the bacterial load in comparison to untreated skin. However, the slightly reduced antiseptic properties of TTP are attributed to the current parameter set-up and technical limitations.Clinical Plasma Medicine. 06/2013; 1(1):5–10.