Article

Antimicrobial efficacy of non-thermal plasma in comparison to chlorhexidine against dental biofilms on titanium discs in vitro - proof of principle experiment.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Periodontology and Endodontology, Unit of Periodontology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University Greifswald, Germany.
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 07/2011; 38(10):956-65. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01740.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dental biofilms play a major role in the pathogenesis of peri-implant mucositis. Biofilm reduction is a pre-requisite for a successful therapy of peri-implant mucosal lesions. In this study, we evaluated the effect of three different plasma devices on the reduction of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and multispecies human saliva biofilms.
We assessed the efficacy of three different non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma devices against biofilms of S. mutans and saliva multispecies grown on titanium discs in vitro in comparison with a chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) rinse. Efficacy of plasma treatment was determined by the number of colony forming units (CFU) and by scanning electron microscopy. The results were reported as reduction of CFU (CFU(untreated) -CFU(treated) ).
The application of plasma was much more effective than CHX against biofilms. The maximum reduction of CHX was 3.36 for S. mutans biofilm and 1.50 for saliva biofilm, whereas the colony forming units (CFU) reduction of the volume dielectric barrier discharge argon plasma was 5.38 for S. mutans biofilm and 5.67 for saliva biofilm.
Treatment of single- and multispecies dental biofilms on titanium discs with non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma was more efficient than CHX application in vitro. Thus, the development of plasma devices for the treatment of peri-implant mucositis may be fruitful.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
87 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Plasma-related technologies are essential in modern industries. Recently, plasma has attracted increased attention in the biomedical field. This paper provides a basic knowledge of plasma and a narrative review of plasma applications in dentistry. Materials and methods. To review plasma applications in dentistry, an electronic search in PubMed, SCOPUS and Google scholar up to December 2012 was done. This was followed by extensive hand searching using reference lists from relevant articles. Conclusion. There have been attempts to apply plasma technology in various fields of dentistry including surface modifications of dental implants, adhesion, caries treatment, endodontic treatment and tooth bleaching. Although many studies were in early stages, the potential value of plasma for dental applications has been demonstrated. To enlarge the scope of plasma applications and put relevant research to practical use, interdisciplinary research with participation of dental professionals is required.
    Acta odontologica Scandinavica 01/2014; 72(1):1-12. · 1.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cold Atmospheric Plasma is an ionized gas that has recently been extensively studied by researchers as a possible therapy in dentistry and oncology. Several different gases can be used to produce Cold Atmospheric Plasma such as Helium, Argon, Nitrogen, Heliox, and air. There are many methods of production by which cold atmospheric plasma is created. Each unique method can be used in different biomedical areas. In dentistry, researchers have mostly investigated the antimicrobial effects produced by plasma as a means to remove dental biofilms and eradicate oral pathogens. It has been shown that reactive oxidative species, charged particles, and UV photons play the main role. Cold Atmospheric Plasma has also found a minor, but important role in tooth whitening and composite restoration. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that Cold Atmospheric Plasma induces apoptosis, necrosis, cell detachment, and senescence by disrupting the S phase of cell replication in tumor cells. This unique finding opens up its potential therapy in oncology.
    Medical gas research. 10/2013; 3(1):21.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to clarify the effects of microplasma irradiation on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). Microplasma irradiation exposure for all HGF samples was limited to 30 s at an irradiation distance of 10 mm with a gas flow of 10 L/min. Three experimental groups were used: a 0 V control group (Control); a 650 V (low) microplasma irradiation group (LV); and a 975 V (high) irradiation group (HV). The following cellular characteristics were evaluated in order to analyze the effects of microplasma treatment; morphology, cell count, DNA content, metabolic activity, cell migration, fibroblast growth factor β (FGF-2) production, type I collagen secretion, and cytotoxic analysis. Cell count, DNA content and FGF-2 production have all been linked to wound healing and, interestingly, both the LV and HV groups showed significant (P < 0.05) increases in these categories at 72 h after irradiation when compared to the control group. Cytotoxic effects were measured by determining the levels of lactate dehydrogenase, cell death, and DNA damage in HGF cells. In these analyses, the HV and LV groups were not statistically different when compared with the control group at 72 h post-irradiation. These findings suggest that microplasma irradiation activated HGF with no clear cell-damaging effects.
    Odontology / the Society of the Nippon Dental University. 06/2014;