A critical evaluation of cystic features in primary glioblastoma as a prognostic factor for survival.
ABSTRACT The presence of cystic features in glioblastoma (GBM) has been described as a favorable prognostic factor. The aim of this study was to determine the survival outcome in patients undergoing surgery for newly diagnosed primary GBM with a large cystic component as compared with a large cohort of patients with noncystic GBM, while controlling for well-characterized prognostic factors.
A retrospective review of 354 consecutive patients treated with resection of primary GBM was performed using medical records and imaging information obtained at the University of California, San Francisco from 2005 to 2009. Within this cohort, 37 patients with large cysts (≥ 50% of tumor) were identified. Clinical presentations and surgical outcomes were statistically compared between the cystic and noncystic patients.
There were no statistically significant differences in clinical presentation between groups, including differences in age, sex, presenting symptoms, tumor location, or preoperative functional status, with the exception of tumor size, which was marginally larger in the cystic group. Surgical outcomes, including extent of resection and postoperative functional status, were equivalent. The median actuarial survival for the patients with cystic GBM was 17.0 months (95% CI 12.6-21.3 months), and the median survival for patients with noncystic GBM was 15.9 months (95% CI 14.6-17.2 months). There was no significant between-groups difference in survival (p = 0.99, log-rank test). A Cox multivariate regression model was constructed, which identified only age and extent of resection as independent predictors of survival. The presence of a cyst was not a statistically significant prognostic factor.
This study, comprising the largest series of cases of primary cystic GBM reported in the literature to date, demonstrates that the presence of a large cyst in patients with GBM does not significantly affect overall survival as compared with survival in patients without a cyst. Preoperative discussions with patients with GBM should focus on validated prognostic factors. The presence of cystic features does not confer a survival advantage.
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an irreplaceable role in the preoperative diagnosis of glioma, and its imaging features are the base of making treatment decisions in patients with glioma, but it is still controversial whether peritumoral edema shown by MRI from preoperative routine scans are associated with patient survival. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of preoperative MRI features in patients with glioblastoma. A retrospective review of 87 patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial glioblastoma was performed using medical records and MRI data from routine scans. The Kaplan-Meier method and COX proportional hazard model were applied to evaluate the prognostic impact on overall survival of pretreatment MRI features (including peritumoral edema, edema shape, necrosis, cyst, enhancement, tumor crosses midline, edema crosses midline, and tumor size). In addition to patient age, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) and postoperative chemoradiotherapy, peritumoral edema extent and necrosis on preoperative MRI were independent prognostic indicator for poor survival. Furthermore, patients with two unfavorable conditions (major edema and necrosis) had a shorter overall survival compared with the remainder. Our data confirm that peritumoral edema extent and necrosis are helpful for predicting poor clinical outcome in glioblastoma. These features were easy to determine from routine MRI scans postoperatively and therefore could provide a certain instructive significance for clinical activities.World Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2015; 13(1):496. DOI:10.1186/s12957-015-0496-7 · 1.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was to project a powerful volumetric-related parameter on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for classifying patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) into distinct subgroups objectively. The preoperative MRIs of 147 patients with primary GBM were analyzed. Volumetric-related parameters, including V1 (tumor volume), V2 (peritumoral T2/FLAIR hyperintense volume) and V2/V1 (the volume ratio), were estimated by an ellipsoid model. Log-rank analysis and Cox regression methods were used to compare Kaplan-Meier plots and identified prognostic parameters. Log-rank analysis revealed that V1 and V2 were correlated with survival, but the P value was marginally significant (P = 0.082, P = 0.091, for progression-free survival [PFS]; P = 0.120, P = 0.073, for overall survival [OS], respectively). V2/V1 was a potential prognostic factor for both PFS and OS (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Cox regression analysis documented that higher V2/V1 (ratio ≥ 7.0) was independent unfavorable prognostic factor. The odd ratio (OR) of higher V2/V1 was 2.662 (95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.782-3.975; P < 0.001) for PFS and 3.450 (95 % CI, 2.079-5.725; P < 0.001) for OS, respectively. The volumetric-related parameters of V1, V2 and V2/V1 were helpful for predicting the prognosis of patients with GBM. V2/V1 was a more comprehensive and systematic prognostic factor in GBM patient, especially for those with small tumor but large peritumoral T2 hyperintense or large tumor but small peritumoral T2 hyperintense.Journal of Neuro-Oncology 05/2014; 119(1). DOI:10.1007/s11060-014-1478-2 · 3.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cysts and cystic-appearing intracranial lesions are common findings with routine cerebral imaging examination. These lesions often represent a challenge in diagnosis. Intracranial cystic lesions have wide pathologic and imaging spectra, of which some require an aggressive and tailored treatment, whereas many others remain asymptomatic and do not require follow-up or intervention. Intracranial cysts can be divided in non-neoplastic lesions that are often of developmental origin but comprise as well infectious cysts and neoplastic lesions that include benign cysts associated with low-grade tumors and cysts as a component of higher grade neoplasms. Reviewed are the pathology, origin, radiologic appearance, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic aspects of intracranial cystic lesions.Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 09/2014; 14(9):481. DOI:10.1007/s11910-014-0481-5 · 3.78 Impact Factor