Impact of Obesity on Stroke Outcome After Intravenous Thrombolysis

Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Stroke (Impact Factor: 5.72). 08/2011; 42(8):2330-2. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.599613
Source: PubMed


Obesity is an established risk factor for stroke and has reached epidemic proportions. However, its impact on intravenous thrombolysis applied for acute ischemic stroke is not well known. We aimed to compare the clinical outcome and safety after intravenous thrombolysis in obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m²) and nonobese (body mass index <30 kg/m²) patients with ischemic stroke.
Data of 304 consecutive patients with stroke (251 nonobese and 53 obese) treated with intravenous thrombolysis were studied. We assessed the rate of favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0 or 1), mortality, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in the 2 groups.
Obese patients presented more often with diabetes mellitus (30.2% versus 12.4%, P<0.01) and arterial hypertension (77.4% versus 61.4%, P=0.03) as compared with their nonobese counterparts. At 3 months, the rate of favorable outcome was lower in obese compared with nonobese patients (50.9% versus 68.1%, P=0.02). More obese than nonobese patients died (13.2% versus 4.0%, P=0.01), whereas the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was similar in the 2 groups (1.9% versus 1.6%, P=1.0). After multivariable adjustment, obesity still remained an independent predictor of unfavorable outcome (P=0.04) and mortality (P=0.04).
Our data indicate that obesity is an independent predictor of unfavorable clinical outcome and mortality in acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis.

1 Read
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endogenous thrombin generation (ETP) may be critically involved in obesity associated thromboembolism. Three hundred and one participants of the STyrian Juvenile OBesity (STYJOBS)/Early DEteCTion of Atherosclerosis (EDECTA) study cohort (age, 16-58years) were analysed. ETP was measured by the new CE-IVD marked Siemens-Innovance(®) ETP test on a BCS-XP analyser, and correlated to clinical findings and extended lipometry-based anthropometric data, biomarkers, and coagulation parameters. In the overweight/obese study group, ETP and fibrinogen levels were significantly higher compared to controls (p<0.001). In a multiple stepwise regression including all subjects, subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness of upper back, cholesterol and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein were the best predictors for ETP. Trunk weighted obesity together with low grade inflammation and hypercholesterolemia enhance thrombin generation.
    Atherosclerosis 01/2012; 220(1):215-8. DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.09.035 · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A number of landmark trials have proven the efficacy of thrombolysis by intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in the acute phase of the ischemic stroke. Despite the recently extended time window of 4.5 hours, the number of people who are being treated in most centers is low. Several reasons seem to account for this, including poor recognition of symptoms, delays in emergency transport, low levels of public awareness, or age limits originally imposed by drug regulatory rules. Trials are ongoing to possibly extend the indications to the treatment. A major effort is to extend the time window by bridging the treatment with neuroprotective approaches, or by identifying subgroups that may particularly benefit from recanalization and reperfusion. Procedures using ultrasounds or alternative intravenous compounds are also being investigated with promising results.
    Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology 03/2012; 15(1):10-8. DOI:10.1053/j.tvir.2011.12.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether low low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) but not high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride concentrations are associated with worse outcome in a large cohort of ischemic stroke patients treated with IV thrombolysis. Methods: Observational multicenter post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data in stroke thrombolysis registries. Because of collinearity between total cholesterol (TC) and LDL-C, we used 2 different models with TC (model 1) and with LDL-C (model 2). Results: Of the 2,485 consecutive patients, 1,847 (74%) had detailed lipid profiles available. Independent predictors of 3-month mortality were lower serum HDL-C (adjusted odds ratio [(adj)OR] 0.531, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.321-0.877 in model 1; (adj)OR 0.570, 95% CI 0.348-0.933 in model 2), lower serum triglyceride levels ((adj)OR 0.549, 95% CI 0.341-0.883 in model 1; (adj)OR 0.560, 95% CI 0.353-0.888 in model 2), symptomatic ICH, and increasing NIH Stroke Scale score, age, C-reactive protein, and serum creatinine. TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and triglycerides were not independently associated with symptomatic ICH. Increased HDL-C was associated with an excellent outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0-1) in model 1 ((adj)OR 1.390, 95% CI 1.040-1.860). Conclusion: Lower HDL-C and triglycerides were independently associated with mortality. These findings were not due to an association of lipid concentrations with symptomatic ICH and may reflect differences in baseline comorbidities, nutritional state, or a protective effect of triglycerides and HDL-C on mortality following acute ischemic stroke.
    Neurology 07/2012; 79(11):1101-1108. DOI:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182608c82 · 8.29 Impact Factor
Show more


1 Read
Available from