Relation of Increased Prebeta-1 High-Density Lipoprotein Levels to Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
ABSTRACT Preβ-1 high-density lipoprotein (HDL) plays a key role in reverse cholesterol transport by promoting cholesterol efflux. Our aims were (1) to test previous associations between preβ-1 HDL and coronary heart disease (CHD) and (2) to investigate whether preβ-1 HDL levels also are associated with risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Plasma preβ-1 HDL was measured by an ultrafiltration-isotope dilution technique in 1,255 subjects recruited from the University of California-San Francisco Lipid and Cardiovascular Clinics and collaborating cardiologists. Preβ-1 HDL was significantly and positively associated with CHD and MI even after adjustment for established risk factors. Inclusion of preβ-1 HDL in a multivariable model for CHD led to a modest improvement in reclassification of subjects (net reclassification index 0.15, p = 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement 0.003, p = 0.2). In contrast, incorporation of preβ-1 HDL into a risk model of MI alone significantly improved reclassification of subjects (net reclassification index 0.21, p = 0.008; integrated discrimination improvement 0.01, p = 0.02), suggesting that preβ-1 HDL has more discriminatory power for MI than for CHD in our study population. In conclusion, these results confirm previous associations between preβ-1 HDL and CHD in a large well-characterized clinical cohort. Also, this is the first study in which preβ-1 HDL was identified as a novel and independent predictor of MI above and beyond traditional CHD risk factors.
SourceAvailable from: Anouar Hafiane[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Plasma high density lipoproteins cholesterol (HDL) comprises a heterogeneous family of lipoprotein species, differing in surface charge, size and lipid and protein composition. While HDL cholesterol (C) mass is a strong, graded and coherent biomarker of cardiovascular risk, genetic and clinical trial data suggest that the simple measurement of HDL-C may not be causal in preventing atherosclerosis nor reflect HDL functionality. Indeed, the measurement of HDL-C may be a biomarker of cardiovascular health. To assess the issue of HDL function as a potential therapeutic target, robust and simple analytical methods are required. The complex pleiotropic effects of HDL make the development of a single measurement challenging. Thus, the development of laboratory assays that accurately HDL function must be developed validated and brought to high-throughput for clinical purposes. This review discusses the limitations of current laboratory technologies for methods that separate and quantify HDL and potential application to predict CVD, with an emphasis on emergent approaches as potential biomarkers in clinical practice.01/2015; 128. DOI:10.1016/j.bbacli.2015.01.005
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The identification of a patient with a rare form of severe dysbetalipoproteinemia allowed the study of the consequences of total absence of apolipoprotein E (apoE).JAMA Neurology 08/2014; 71(10). DOI:10.1001/jamaneurol.2014.2011 · 7.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: HDL-increasing drugs such as fenofibrate and niacin have failed to decrease the cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes. Drug-mediated quantitative and qualitative HDL modifications could be involved in these negative results. To evaluate the quantitative and qualitative effects of niacin and fenofibrate on HDL in patients with type 2 diabetes, a prospective, randomised controlled intervention trial was conducted. Thirty type 2 diabetic patients with low HDL were randomised to receive either fenofibrate (FFB) or niacin + laropiprant (ERN/LPR) as an add-on to simvastatin treatment for 12 weeks according to a crossover design. At the basal point and after each intervention period, physical examinations and comprehensive standard biochemical determinations and HDL metabolomics were performed. Thirty nondiabetic patients with normal HDL were used as a basal control group. ERN/LRP, but not FFB, significantly increased HDL cholesterol. Neither ERN/LRP nor FFB reversed the HDL particle size or particle number to normal. ERN/LRP increased apoA-I but not apoA-II, whereas FFB produced the opposite effect. FFB significantly increased Preβ1-HDL, whereas ERN/LRP tended to lower Preβ1-HDL. CETP and LCAT activities were significantly decreased only by ERN/LRP. PAF-AH activity in HDL and plasma decreased with the use of both agents. Despite their different actions on antioxidant parameters, none of the treatments induced detectable antioxidant improvements. ERN/LRP and FFB had strikingly different effects on HDL quantity and quality, as well as on HDL cholesterol concentrations. When prescribing HDL cholesterol increasing drugs, this differential action should be considered. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.Atherosclerosis 12/2014; 238(2). DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2014.12.006 · 3.97 Impact Factor