Article

Gossypibomas mimicking a splenic hydatid cyst and ileal tumor : a case report and literature review.

Department of Surgery, Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, 21400 Kayapinar, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.36). 07/2011; 15(11):2101-7. DOI: 10.1007/s11605-011-1592-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Gossypiboma is a term used to describe a retained surgical swab in the body after a surgical procedure. Gossypiboma is a rare surgical complication, but can cause significant morbidity and mortality. It may be a diagnostic dilemma with associated medico-legal implications, and is usually discovered during the first few days after surgery; however, it may remain undetected for many years.
We present a gossypiboma case immigrating to small intestine, as well as a literature review of studies published in the English language on intraluminal migration of gossypiboma, accessed through PubMed and Google Scholar databases.
Case of a 51-year-old man who was admitted due to vomiting, abdominal distension, and pain. He had a history of abdominal trauma 8 years previously, and surgery had been performed at another hospital. The physical examination revealed muscular guarding and rebound tenderness in the right lower quadrant. A splenic hydatid cyst and ileal calcified mass were suspected based on results of abdominal computed tomography. Therefore, a laparotomy was performed. Segmental ileal resection, end-to-end anastomosis, and splenectomy were performed. The final diagnosis was gossypiboma in both the spleen and ileum. We performed a systemic review of the English-language literature between 2000 and 2010 in PubMed and Google Scholar, and we found 45 cases of transmural migration of surgical sponges following abdominal surgery. Three cases in which the gossypiboma was located in the spleen are also discussed.
Gossypiboma should be considered as a differential diagnosis of any postoperative patient who presents with pain, infection, or a palpable mass.

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    ABSTRACT: The term "gossypiboma" refers to a textile matrix surrounded by foreign body reaction. Gauze and surgical dressings are the most commonly retained materials after laparotomy. To evaluate the incidence of abdominal gossypiboma, its causes and the preventive measures to reduce the frequence and morbimortality. Was conducted a literature review in Medline/Pubmed in english. The survey was about the last 10 years, selecting the headings: gossypiboma, textiloma, retained foreign body and abdominal surgery. Thirty articles were considered in this review. The incidence of gossypiboma is underreported, mostly due to the legal implications of their detection but also because many patients remain asymptomatic. Occur in 1/1000 to 1/1500 of intra-abdominal operations. Clinical presentation is variable, and depends on the location of the foreign body and on the type of inflammatory reaction presented by the host. The recommended course of treatment is excision, which can be accomplished endoscopically, laparoscopically, or via the open route, and seeks to prevent the complications that lead to a high mortality rate. The most important approach is prevention. Preventive measures required include exploration of the abdominal cavity at the end of the procedure, use of textiles with radiopaque markers and a meticulous account of surgical materials. Gossypiboma is a former medical-legal problem, whose incidence is apparently increasing. Therefore needs to be revised to take preventive measures in the operating room.
    Arquivos brasileiros de cirurgia digestiva : ABCD = Brazilian archives of digestive surgery. 06/2013; 26(2):140-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although there is an international mobilization to deal with unintentionally retained foreign bodies (RFB), since it is medical malpractice with potential legal implications, the cases are underreported, hindering the understanding and study of the problem. As a result, we face a recurrent and poorly understood event. This study explored the experience of brazilian surgeons on RFB and analyzed their characteristics and consequences. Study Design: In a three-month period, questionnaire was sent to surgeons members of nine brazilian societies, by electronic mail. Answering the questionnaire was volunteer. Answers were kept confidential and anonymous. The questions explored their experience with foreign bodies, FB types, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, risk and protection factors, and legal implications. Results: In 2872 eligible questionnaires, 43% of the doctors said they had already left FB and 73% had removed FB, in one or more occasions. Of these foreign bodies, 90% were textiles, 78% were discovered in the first year after the surgery and 14% remained asymptomatic. The occurrence of RFBs is more frequent in early professional career, in elective (54%) and routine (85%), but complex (57%) procedures. The main causes were emergency, lack of counting, inadequate work conditions, change of plans during the procedure and obese patients. Patients were alerted about the retention in 46% of the cases, and of these, 26% sued the doctors or the institution. Conclusion: The majority of unintentionally retained foreign bodies occurred at the beginning of the professional career, during routine surgical procedures. In general, foreign bodies caused symptoms and were diagnosed in the first year of the post-operative period. Textiles predominated. Inadequate work conditions were listed as RFB risk factors, as well as emergency surgery, for example. Less than half of the patients were aware of the adverse event and 26% sued the surgeons or the institutions involved in the procedure.
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    ABSTRACT: Textiloma or gossypiboma is a retained surgical swab in the body after an operation and is a complication that can remain undetected for many years and may represent a diagnostic dilemma depending on its location. It may be confused with several focal lesions and an accurate history taking, combined with clinical and instrumental data, is key to suspecting the diagnosis. We report a case of abdominal textiloma that was initially misdiagnosed as echinococcal cyst and discuss the differential diagnosis based on sonographic features and the WHO-IWGE classification.
    Case reports in gastrointestinal medicine. 01/2013; 2013:261685.

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