Discovery of dihydro-alkyloxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidines as promising anti-influenza virus agents.
ABSTRACT A series of novel dihydro-alkyloxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their activity against influenza virus in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Four dihydro-alkyloxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidine derivatives (4a1, 4a2, 4a3, and 4d1) showed potent activity against influenza virus. Among them, compound 4a3 was the most promising lead with broad activity against influenza A (antiviral EC(50) values of 9 and 18 μm for the A/H1N1 and A/H3N2 subtype, respectively) and influenza B viruses (EC(50) : 33 μm). The antiviral mechanism of action of these dihydro-alkyloxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidine derivatives must be quite different from that of the currently approved anti-influenza virus drugs that target the viral M2 or neuraminidase proteins. The dihydro-alkyloxy-benzyl-oxopyrimidine derivatives represent a new avenue for further optimization and development of novel anti-influenza virus agents.
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ABSTRACT: Eight series of compounds, each series containing two to five compounds were prepared by structural modifications of a lead, which was previously discovered as a mild influenza neuraminidase (NA) inhibitor. On the basis of the biological result, a detailed structure-activity relationship (SAR) was derived and discussed. Several caffeic acid derivatives that acted as non-competitive inhibitors were close or superior to the lead and also presented good antiviral activities in cells. Besides, it was interesting to find that modifications of the lead with different strategies could result in selective inhibition against N1 or N2. The preliminary docking analysis indicated that the 150-cavity of the enzymes played an important role in the selective inhibition.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 10/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor