Article

# Relativity and the mercury battery.

Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 4.2). 07/2011; 13(37):16510-2. DOI: 10.1039/c1cp21738k Source: PubMed

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**ABSTRACT:**The high-pressure behavior of HgO-montroydite was investigated up to 36.5 GPa using angle-dispersive X-ray diffraction. The tetragonal phase of this material (HgO-II), a distortion of the NaCl structure, transforms into the cubic NaCl structure (HgO-III) above ~31.5 GPa. The transformation of mercury oxide from the orthorhombic Pnma (HgO-I) structure to a tetragonal I4/mmm structure (HgO-II) is confirmed to occur at 13.5 ± 1.5 GPa. Neither of the high-pressure phases, HgO-II nor HgO-III, is quenchable in pressure. The derived isothermal bulk modulus of HgO-II and its pressure derivative strongly depend on the assumed zero-pressure volume of this phase, but our elasticity results on HgO-II nevertheless lie significantly closer to theoretical calculations than prior experimental results, and the measured pressure of the phase transformation to the NaCl structure is also in agreement with recent theoretical results. The general accord with theory supports the existence of significant relativistic effects on the high-pressure phase transitions of HgO.Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 04/2012; 39:269. · 1.40 Impact Factor -
##### Article: A relativistic time-dependent density functional study of the excited states of the mercury dimer.

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**ABSTRACT:**In previous works on Zn2 and Cd2 dimers we found that the long-range corrected CAMB3LYP gives better results than other density functional approximations for the excited states, especially in the asymptotic region. In this paper, we use it to present a time-dependent density functional (TDDFT) study for the ground-state as well as the excited states corresponding to the (6s(2) + 6s6p), (6s(2) + 6s7s), and (6s(2) + 6s7p) atomic asymptotes for the mercury dimer Hg2. We analyze its spectrum obtained from all-electron calculations performed with the relativistic Dirac-Coulomb and relativistic spinfree Hamiltonian as implemented in DIRAC-PACKAGE. A comparison with the literature is given as far as available. Our result is excellent for the most of the lower excited states and very encouraging for the higher excited states, it shows generally good agreements with experimental results and outperforms other theoretical results. This enables us to give a detailed analysis of the spectrum of the Hg2 including a comparative analysis with the lighter dimers of the group 12, Cd2, and Zn2, especially for the relativistic effects, the spin-orbit interaction, and the performance of CAMB3LYP and is enlightened for similar systems. The result shows, as expected, that spinfree Hamiltonian is less efficient than Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian for systems containing heavy elements such as Hg2.The Journal of Chemical Physics 01/2014; 140(2):024304. · 3.12 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The stable structures and melting behavior of Hgn clusters, 2 ≤ n < 60, have been theoretically investigated using an updated diatomics-in-molecules (DIM) model initially proposed by Kitamura [Chem. Phys. Lett.2006, 425, 2056]. Global optimization and sampling at finite temperature are achieved on the basis of hierarchical and nested Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, respectively. The DIM model predicts highly symmetric icosahedral global minima that are generally similar to the standard van der Waals atomic clusters, without any indication of distorted or low-coordinated geometries, but also at variance with the global minima found with the pairwise Hg2 potential. The combined influences of surface and many-body effects due to s–p mixing are considerable on the melting point: although the model predicts a bulk melting temperature in fair agreement with experimental results, it is found to decrease with increasing cluster size.Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 01/2012; 8(2):639–648. · 5.39 Impact Factor

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