Chemical sensing of metal ions using a silica-micelle mesophase doubly functionalized by a fluorogenic ionophore and a masking agent.
ABSTRACT We report on a chemical-sensing method based on the silica-micelle mesophase wherein both a fluoroionophore and a masking agent are embedded. Using this method, a highly selective detection of metal ions in an aqueous solution has been successfully demonstrated. Furthermore, simultaneous analyses of multisamples using a sensor array composed of functionalized mesoporous thin films were demonstrated for the first time.
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ABSTRACT: To prepare mesoporous silica thin-films by a simple and environmentally friendly pathway, spontaneous formation of silica thin-films in a sol–gel solution without surfactants was studied. The silica thin-films were prepared by immersing a glass substrate, such as a cylindrical test-tube, into a sol–gel solution containing tetraethoxysilane, water, acetic acid, 2-propanol, and triethylene glycol as a pore-forming agent. The resulting thin-films were transparent. The presence of mesopores was confirmed by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, atomic-force microscopy and nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms. The Barrett–Joyner–Halenda plot from the adsorption branch of the isotherms indicated that the pore diameter was 2.6 nm. To illustrate the potential use of the film as an adsorbent, the extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was conducted using the chemically modified silica thin-film coated on a test-tube. The composition of the sol–gel solution was optimized using experimental design, i.e., Doehlert design, and recovery of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 02/2012; 65(2). · 1.66 Impact Factor