Extracellular domain of human 4-1BBL enhanced the function of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte induced by dendritic cell.
ABSTRACT Interaction of costimulatory molecules and their receptors is crucial for tumor lysate-pulsed dendritic cells (sensitized DC, sDC) to promote T cell activation, clonal expansion and its antitumor immunity. To augment the costimulatory signal may regulate the interaction between DC and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and consequently enhance the antitumor response. The costimulatory ligand and receptor pair of 4-1BB/4-1BBL is one of the main factors in the costimulation of CTL. We explored the adjuvant role of a recombinant human 4-1BBL extracellular domain (ex4-1BBL) in modulating CTL activation induced by HepG2 antigen-loaded DC (sDC). The augment effects of sDC in combination with ex4-1BBL on the proliferation, activation, cell survival and cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells of CTL were examined. In the presence of ex4-1BBL, sDC exhibited markedly augmented effects on the above four functions of CTL. These results demonstrate that ex4-1BBL plays an important role in the costimulation pathway for DC-mediated CTL's activation, which might be a useful adjuvant factor for DC-based cancer biotherapy.