A randomized pilot study of low-fluence photodynamic therapy versus intravitreal ranibizumab for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
American Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 4.02). 07/2011; 152(5):784-92.e2. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2011.04.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To report 6-month outcomes of a prospective, randomized study comparing the efficacy and safety between low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.
Prospective, randomized, single-center pilot study.
Sixteen eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy were randomized to receive either low-fluence PDT or intravitreal injections of ranibizumab: 8 eyes in the low-fluence PDT group and 8 in the ranibizumab group. Rescue treatment was considered if subretinal fluid was sustained after completion of primary treatment: low-fluence PDT for the ranibizumab group and ranibizumab injection for the low-fluence PDT group. Main outcome measures were excess foveal thickness, resolution of subretinal fluid, choroidal perfusion on indocyanine green angiography, and best-corrected visual acuity.
At 3 months, the mean excess foveal thickness was reduced from 74.1 ± 56.0 μm to -35.4 ± 44.5 μm in the low-fluence PDT group (P = .017) and from 26.3 ± 50.6 μm to -23.1 ± 56.5 μm in the ranibizumab group (P = .058). After a single session of PDT, 6 eyes (75%) in the low-fluence PDT group achieved complete resolution of subretinal fluid and reduction of choroidal hyperpermeability, whereas 2 (25%) eyes in the ranibizumab group achieved this after consecutive ranibizumab injections. Four eyes (50%) in the ranibizumab group underwent additional low-fluence PDT and accomplished complete resolution. At 3 months, significant improvement of best-corrected visual acuity was not demonstrated in the low-fluence PDT group (P = .075), whereas it was observed in the ranibizumab group (P = .012). However, the tendency toward improvement of best-corrected visual acuity was not maintained.
In terms of anatomic outcomes, the effect of ranibizumab injections was not promising compared with that of low-fluence PDT.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To assess the visual and anatomic outcomes of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) after verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT). Design Retrospective case series. Participants Patients with CSC who underwent PDT. Methods Members of the Macula Society were surveyed to retrospectively collect data on PDT treatment for CSC. Patient demographic information, PDT treatment parameters, fluorescein angiographic information, optical coherence tomography (OCT) metrics, pre- and post-treatment visual acuity (VA), and adverse outcomes were collected online using standardized forms. Main Outcome Measures Visual acuities over time and presence or absence of subretinal fluid (SRF). Results Data were submitted on 265 eyes of 237 patients with CSC with a mean age of 52 (standard deviation [± 11]) years; 61 were women (26%). Mean baseline logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) VA was 0.39±0.36 (20/50). Baseline VAs were ≥20/32 in 115 eyes (43%), 20/40 to 20/80 in 97 eyes (37%), and ≤20/100 in 47 eyes (18%). Normal fluence was used for PDT treatment in 130 treatments (49%), half-fluence was used in 128 treatments (48%), and very low fluence or missing information was used in 7 treatments (3%). The number of PDT treatments was 1 in 89%, 2 in 7%, and 3 in 3% of eyes. Post-PDT follow-up ranged from 1 month to more than 1 year. Post-PDT VA was correlated with baseline VA (r = 0.70, P < 0.001). Visual acuity improved ≥3 lines in <1%, 29%, and 48% of eyes with baseline VA ≥20/32, 20/40 to 20/80, and ≤20/100, respectively. Subretinal fluid resolved in 81% by the last post-PDT visit. There was no difference in the response to PDT when analyzed by age, race, fluence setting, fluorescein angiography (FA) leakage type, corticosteroid exposure, or fluid location (subretinal or pigment epithelial detachment; all P > 0.01). Complications were rare: Retinal pigment epithelial atrophy was seen in 4% of patients, and acute severe visual decrease was seen in 1.5% of patients. Conclusions Photodynamic therapy was associated with improved VA and resolution of SRF. Adverse side effects were rare.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and safety between low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) and the intravitreal ranibizumab in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Prospective, randomized, single-center, parallel-arm, controlled trial. Thirty-four eyes of 32 patients with chronic CSC with >6 months' duration of symptoms or recurrent CSC were randomly placed into the low-fluence PDT group (n = 18) or the ranibizumab group (n = 16). The patients underwent a single session of low-fluence PDT or 3 consecutive monthly injections of ranibizumab. Rescue treatment was available from month 3 if the subretinal fluid (SRF) persisted or recurred after primary treatment; low-fluence PDT was given to the ranibizumab group and intravitreal ranibizumab to the low-fluence PDT group. The primary outcome was the proportion of eyes with complete resolution of SRF without rescue treatment. Secondary outcomes included the mean changes in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), and angiographic findings from baseline to 12 months. At month 12, 16 eyes (88.9%) of the low-fluence PDT group maintained complete resolution of SRF without rescue treatment versus 2 eyes (12.5%) in the ranibizumab group (P <0.001). Two eyes (11.1%) in the low-fluence PDT group and 11 eyes (68.8%) in the ranibizumab group met the criteria for rescue treatment (P = 0.001). In the low-fluence PDT group, the mean decrease in CRT from baseline was significantly greater than that in the ranibizumab group until month 6 (P <0.05), but the differences became insignificant thereafter. The improvement in BCVA from baseline was superior in the low-fluence PDT group to that in the ranibizumab group, but the differences were not statistically significant except at month 3 (P = 0.025). On indocyanine green angiography, a significantly greater proportion of the low-fluence PDT group (16 eyes; 88.9%) showed a marked reduction in choroidal hyperpermeability after primary treatment than that of the ranibizumab group (0 eyes; P <0.001). No serious adverse events related to the drugs or procedures were observed. This study represents the overall superiority of low-fluence PDT compared with intravitreal ranibizumab in the treatment of chronic CSC. The authors have no proprietary or commercial interest in any of the materials discussed in this article.
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