A Randomized Pilot Study of Low-Fluence Photodynamic Therapy Versus Intravitreal Ranibizumab for Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
ABSTRACT To report 6-month outcomes of a prospective, randomized study comparing the efficacy and safety between low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal injections of ranibizumab in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.
Prospective, randomized, single-center pilot study.
Sixteen eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy were randomized to receive either low-fluence PDT or intravitreal injections of ranibizumab: 8 eyes in the low-fluence PDT group and 8 in the ranibizumab group. Rescue treatment was considered if subretinal fluid was sustained after completion of primary treatment: low-fluence PDT for the ranibizumab group and ranibizumab injection for the low-fluence PDT group. Main outcome measures were excess foveal thickness, resolution of subretinal fluid, choroidal perfusion on indocyanine green angiography, and best-corrected visual acuity.
At 3 months, the mean excess foveal thickness was reduced from 74.1 ± 56.0 μm to -35.4 ± 44.5 μm in the low-fluence PDT group (P = .017) and from 26.3 ± 50.6 μm to -23.1 ± 56.5 μm in the ranibizumab group (P = .058). After a single session of PDT, 6 eyes (75%) in the low-fluence PDT group achieved complete resolution of subretinal fluid and reduction of choroidal hyperpermeability, whereas 2 (25%) eyes in the ranibizumab group achieved this after consecutive ranibizumab injections. Four eyes (50%) in the ranibizumab group underwent additional low-fluence PDT and accomplished complete resolution. At 3 months, significant improvement of best-corrected visual acuity was not demonstrated in the low-fluence PDT group (P = .075), whereas it was observed in the ranibizumab group (P = .012). However, the tendency toward improvement of best-corrected visual acuity was not maintained.
In terms of anatomic outcomes, the effect of ranibizumab injections was not promising compared with that of low-fluence PDT.
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ABSTRACT: PurposeTo evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) compared with laser therapy and intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs, and to find the maximum treatment effect with minimal dose and fluence of PDT.MethodsA systematic electronic search was conducted in Feb 2013 in PubMed, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge and the Cochrane library. The main outcome factors were compared in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT) and resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF). Meta-analysis was performed when it is appropriate. The comparisons were designed into four groups: group 1, PDT versus laser photocoagulation; group 2, PDT versus intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs; group 3, half-dose verteporfin PDT versus placebo; group 4, half-fluence PDT versus full-fluence PDT.ResultsWe retrieved nine reports of studies including a total of 319 patients. In group 1, the summary result indicated that PDT was superior in resolution of SRF (p = 0.005) than laser photocoagulation. In group 2, PDT could resolute SRF (p = 0.007) and decrease CMT (p = 0.002) more rapidly than intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs. In group 3, half-dose PDT was effective in improving BCVA (p < 0.00001), decreasing CMT (p = 0.001) and resolving SRF (p < 0.001). In group 4, half-fluence PDT was effective and could significantly decrease the hypoxic damage which was caused by PDT (p < 0.001).ConclusionPDT is a promising therapy for CSC patients and the parameters of PDT can be adjusted to obtain the maximum treatment effect with minimal adverse effects.Acta ophthalmologica 07/2014; 92(8). DOI:10.1111/aos.12482 · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the role played by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) based on an interventional immunology theory. Eyes with PCV were divided in a masked fashion into those with choroidal hyperpermeability (HP group) and those with normal choroidal permeability (NP group) based on the indocyanine green angiograms. The inter-rater agreement rate was evaluated using Fleiss' kappa. Patients were treated by intravitreal ranibizumab (IVB). The central choroidal thickness and central foveal thickness (CFT) at the baseline and 7 days after the treatment were measured by optical coherence tomography. Among the 57 consecutive eyes diagnosed with PCV, 42 eyes of 42 patients met the inclusion criteria (21 eyes/HP group vs 21 eyes /NP group). Central choroidal thickness in HP group was significantly thicker than that in the NP group (P < .001, Mann--Whitney U test). The inter-rater agreement was high with a Fleiss' kappa = 0.95, P < .0001. The percentage reduction in the CFT in HP group (14.0%) was significantly less than that in NP group (20.4%; P = .013, Mann--Whitney U test). Eyes with PCV that are associated with choroidal hyper-permeability may not be strongly associated with VEGF-related pathology, and may not respond favorably to anti-VEGF monotherapy.BMC Ophthalmology 08/2013; 13(1):43. DOI:10.1186/1471-2415-13-43 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To present effectiveness of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) injection for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), resistant to intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection. Methods: Files of the patients who had the diagnosis of CSC between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Eighty-five eyes of 81 patients' files have been investigated. Ten eyes of 10 patients that were resistant to IVB, with no history of photodynamic therapy, were included in to this study. Demographic details, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and central macular thickness (CMT) were studied to analyze the effectiveness of IVR. Results: The mean age of the patients was 38.8 years (SD=4.7 years). The mean follow-up time after first IVR injection was 7.9 months (SD=1.5 months). The mean number of IVB and IVR injections was 2.0 (SD=0.7) and 1.3 (SD=0.4), respectively. The mean CMT before IVR injection was 392.4 μm (SD=66.3) and decreased to 194.1 μm (SD=9.3, P<0.001) at the last visit. The mean BCVA before IVR injection was 0.50logMAR (SD=0.23) and improved to 0.05logMAR (SD=0.06, P<0.001) at the last visit. In all cases after IVR injection, the subretinal fluid almost resolved completely, and leakage disappeared in fundus fluorescein angiography. Conclusion: Ranibizumab might be a promising option for the patients with CSC, resistant to bevacizumab in acute or early chronic stage.Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 09/2014; 2014(10). DOI:10.1089/jop.2014.0043 · 1.42 Impact Factor