Anti-neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Pauci-immune Crescentic Glomerulonephritis Complicating Sjögren's Syndrome
Department of Internal Medicine, Taoyuan General Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan.Journal of the Formosan Medical Association (Impact Factor: 1.97). 07/2011; 110(7):473-7. DOI: 10.1016/S0929-6646(11)60070-3
Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease, characterized by specific autoimmune antibodies anti-Ro and anti-La, and it can involve multiple organs, such as the kidneys, lungs, muscles, and nervous system. The most common renal complication of Sjögren's syndrome is tubulointerstitial nephritis, and glomerulonephritis is relatively uncommon. We report the case of an 86-year-old man presenting with recurrent fever, poor appetite, decreased salivary secretion, and body weight loss. Laboratory investigation revealed that serum creatinine was 4.2 mg/dL, proteinuria was 3+, and there was microscopic hematuria. Positive perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, anti-Ro, and anti-La antibodies were detected. Renal biopsy showed crescentic glomerulonephritis with scanty immune complex deposition. The patient was diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome complicated with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis with positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody. Unlike the patients of other case reports, our patient's renal function did not recover after immunosuppressant treatment, and he finally received long-term hemodialysis. Pauci-immune glomerulonephritis is a rare renal complication of Sjögren's syndrome, and progress to renal failure in such patients is possible.
- Medicina Clínica 07/2012; 139(12):554-5. DOI:10.1016/j.medcli.2012.04.015 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Huai Qi Huang (HQH) is a compound Chinese herbal medicine that contains Trametes robiniophila murr, wolfberry fruit, and Polygonatum. In the present study, we investigated the effects of HQH on patients with mild immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) through a prospective randomized controlled study. Forty-five adults diagnosed with IgAN according to renal pathology, who had hematuria or/and proteinuria (≤ 2 g/day), were randomly assigned to receive HQH or no treatment for 12 weeks. Twenty-four hour urinary protein excretion and hematuria were measured at Weeks 0, 4, 8, and 12. The rate of complete remission of proteinuria and hematuria was evaluated. Any adverse events induced by HQH were also observed during the treatment period. Twenty-four hour urinary protein excretion was significantly reduced by HQH treatment compared with that in the control group at Weeks 8 and 12. A much higher rate of complete remission of proteinuria was observed in the HQH group than in control group at Week 12. HQH administration also obviously reduced the extent of hematuria compared with that in the control group at Week 12. HQH treatment dramatically increased the rate of complete remission of hematuria compared with that in control group at Weeks 8 and 12. No obvious adverse events caused by HQH were observed. HQH could be a new conservative therapy for IgAN patients who cannot tolerate steroids and immunosuppressive agents. The relapse rate after discontinuing treatment still needs further investigation.Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 11/2013; 112(12). DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2013.10.019 · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical presentation, management and prognosis of patients diagnosed with both primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). French nation-wide survey completed by a systematic literature review. This work identified 7 new cases of coexisting pSS and AAV: 2 microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), 2 granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), 2 anti-myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA renal-limited AAV, and 1 eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). The systematic literature search identified 15 previously published cases. Among the 22 patients, 19 were females. Mean age at diagnosis of AAV was 63.9 +/- 9.8 years. All individuals with available information experienced at least one extra-glandular manifestation attributable to pSS. p-ANCA with anti-MPO specificity were found in 76.2% (16/21), c-ANCA with anti-PR3 specificity in 14.3% (3/21) and isolated c-ANCA in 13.6% (3/22). Vasculitis involved kidneys (n=13), lungs (n=8), skin (n=6), peripheral nerves (n=5), central nervous system (n=2), small bowel (n=1), muscle (n=1), ear chondritis (n=1) and sinuses (n=1). The mean AAV follow-up was 73.5 (+/- 120.0) months. While on treatment, disease remission occurred in 77.3% of cases, and one death was reported in the first 6 months after diagnosis. This work shows that AAV may occur in patients with pSS. These are most commonly p-ANCA associated vasculitis with anti-MPO specificity. AAV may reveal an underlying pSS or arise during its evolution, but did not precede pSS in any of these cases. AAV occurrence appears to be correlated with extra-glandular manifestations of pSS. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Autoimmunity reviews 04/2015; 14(8). DOI:10.1016/j.autrev.2015.04.009 · 7.93 Impact Factor
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